Do something for our planet, print this page only if needed. Even a small action can make an enormous difference when millions of people do it!
For the public:
Ask your question
The EEA Web CMS works best with following browsers:
Internet Explorer is not recommended for the CMS area.
If you have forgotten your password,
we can send you a new one.
Skip to content. |
Skip to navigation
The majority of European Union citizens have heard of the term "biodiversity", but less than one third know what it means. Additionally, most do not feel informed about biodiversity loss.
However, at least eight out of ten Europeans consider the various effects of biodiversity loss to be serious.
About a quarter of respondents have heard of Natura 2000 network, including 16 % who say they have heard about it but don't know what it is.
The paper provides the annual update of the European air quality concentration maps, probabilities of exceeding relevant thresholds and population exposure estimates for human health related indicators of pollutants PM10 (annual average, 36th highest daily average), PM2.5 (annual average) and ozone (26th highest daily max. 8-hr running average, SOMO35), and vegetation related indicators (AOT40 for crops and for forests for the year 2013. The exposure estimates are compared to the results of previous years 2005-2011. The analysis is based on interpolation of annual statistics of the 2013 observational data reported by EEA Member countries in 2014 and stored in the Air Quality e-reporting database. The paper presents the mapping results and includes an uncertainty analysis of the interpolated maps. These maps, with their spatial exceedance and exposure estimates, are intended to be used for the assessment of European air quality by the EEA and its ETC/ACM, and for (interactive visual) public information purposes through the EEA website.
Since 1990, common bird populations have decreased by around 15 % in Europe (27 European countries). The decline of common farmland birds was more pronounced at 34 % in all countries with monitoring schemes - and 31 % in EU Member States - whereas common forest bird populations declined by 12 % over the same period.
Grassland butterflies have shown a significant rate of decline of 30 % between 1990 and 2013 in Europe (21 European countries). In the last 10 years, the rate of loss is slowing down.
This indicator is based on the Eurobarometer survey on biodiversity, a quantitative questionnaire-based survey, which provides results that can be presented as in the following fictional example: '35 % of the European voting population visit a nature reserve at least once a year'. It can also include qualitative information, often involving focus groups, as in the following fictional example: 'Discussion in the United Kingdom focus groups has shown that people are highly concerned about the impact of climate change on wildlife'.
Source: EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife International/Statistics Netherlands
Protected areas in Europe
Transport networks have become a commonplace feature of the European landscape. They connect people, boost economic activity and provide access to key services, but they also introduce barriers between natural areas, while their use emits pollutants and introduces non-local species to ecosystems. Strong policy measures and a network of green spaces can help preserve and protect Europe’s natural wealth.
The map shows the projected change in the climatic suitable area for the Bumblebee Bombus terrestris (the largest and one of the most numerous bumblebee species in Europe) under the combined climate-land use scenario SEDG (Sustainable European Development Goal, including SRES B1) and GRAS (including SRES A2).
Forests are rich in biodiversity and valuable for recreation, water regulation and soil protection. As well as for providing timber and other non-wood forest products, forests are important for mitigating climate change and for the renewable energy sector. Forest ecosystems are exposed to a range of environmental, economic and social pressures that challenge their sustainability. The forest sector is influenced by the unprecedented pressures arising from climate change and the growing demands of society on natural resources. The aim of this report is to assess the current state of forest ecosystems in Europe on the pathway to healthy, diverse, resilient and productive forests for the benefit of present and future generations.
The UFZ is one of the world’s leading research centres in the field of environmental research, enjoying high social recognition. It demonstrates ways in which a sustainable use of our natural resource base is possible for the benefit of both mankind and the environment.
Natura 2000 is the key instrument to protect biodiversity in the European Union. It is an ecological network of protected areas, set up to ensure the survival of Europe's most valuable species and habitats. Natura 2000 is based on the 1979 Birds Directive and the 1992 Habitats Directive.
Climate change, pollution and encroaching human development are posing an increased threat to the long-term stability and health of European forests, according to a new European Environment Agency (EEA) report released today. Forest ecosystems play a vital role for the environment and in combatting climate change. The report recommends that better sustainable management is needed to ensure this precious green resource is there for future generations.
Forests in Europe provide us essential services: clean air, clean water, natural carbon storage, timber, food and other products. They are home to many species and habitats. We talked about the challenges Europe’s forests face with Annemarie Bastrup-Birk, forest and environment expert at the European Environment Agency.
This widget will force display only of latest versions of the datasets.
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe's environment.
PDF generated on 29 Aug 2016, 10:40 AM
EEA Web Team
Software updates history
Code for developers
Refresh this page