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Sound and independent information
on the environment

Environmental impacts

Pageexpired Last modified 23 May 2014, 12:00 PM
This content has been archived on 23 May 2014, reason: Content not regularly updated
wheat field

Ground-level ozone can damage all types of green vegetation, including the foliage of trees. Ozone is absorbed by leaves and impedes plant growth.

Ozone is recognised as the most serious regional air pollution problem for the agricultural sector in Europe. It reduces crop yields by hindering plant growth.

In 2000, it was estimated that the overall ozone damage to crops corresponded to an economic loss to farmers across EU-25 of about EUR 2.8 billion.

There are marked differences in damage to crops across Europe, depending on agricultural activity, soil moisture and ozone concentration. Most affected by elevated ozone concentrations are countries that are growing wheat.

The economic or ecological cost of ozone damage to wild vegetation has not been estimated.

© Photo: Pawel Kazmierczyk/EEA, 2004

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100