Country profile - Distinguishing factors (Switzerland)
Swiss Confederation: Federal state (Confoederatio Helvetica - CH)
System of government: Federal republic consisting of 26 cantons with Bern as the capital
Main cities: Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Lausanne
Population: 7,785,800 (31 December 2009)
Estimated population: in 2015: 8,102,300; in 2025: 8,561,400; in 2050: 8,979,000 (2010 projections)
Population density: 193/km2 as a national average, close to 2000/km2 in city centres, 500-1000/km2 in cities and villages and less than 50/km2 in the rest of the country
Official languages: German (63.7 % total population share, in the north, east and centre of the country), French (20.4 %, in the west), Italian (6.5 %, in the south), Romansh (0.5 %, in the south-eastern canton of GraubÃ¼nden), other: 9 %
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For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe’s environment.
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