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fossil fuels still contributing to roughly half of the
electricity generated in Europe, moving away from a
carbon-intensive power supply over the next few decades
will require a commitment to increase investment in
clean technology, restructure the fossil fuel energy
infrastructure and ensure a secure and affordable power
In this context, this report fills an important information
gap by looking at:
• the theoretical evolution of fossil fuel capacity by 2030
in the absence of strong drivers to counter present
• how this hypothetical evolution would fit in with the
need to create a qualitatively different EU power
sector by 2030 and beyond, in line with EU climate
Technical guidance to prepare national emission inventories. The joint EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook supports the reporting of emissions data under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) and the EU National Emission Ceilings Directive. It provides expert guidance on how to compile an atmospheric emissions inventory. The Guidebook is published by the EEA with the CLRTAP Task Force on Emission Inventories and Projections responsible for the technical content of the chapters.
This report provides a non-technical summary of the latest information on electric road
vehicles in Europe, including those with hybrid technologies. It focuses upon electric
passenger vehicles, explaining the different types that are now available on the market,
how each type works, and their respective advantages and disadvantages.
A fundamental change within the road transport sector is required if Europe wants to achieve its objective of a long-term transition to a low-carbon European economy. Electric vehicles charged with electricity from renewable sources can reduce future emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants from road transport. This briefing (based on an assessment carried out on behalf of the EEA) presents the key implications for emissions and Europe's energy system arising from the potential wide-scale use of electric cars in 2050.
This report summarises the data reported by
undertakings in accordance with the ODS Regulation
for 2015 and looks at the major trends since 2006. Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export,
production, destruction, and feedstock and process agent use
of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union
This report does three things. It provides an overview
of market‑based instruments (MBIs) established by
EU environmental legislation. Then it explains the
established definitions and rationales for the application
of environmental taxes and discusses their current
design and application in EEA member countries. It
concludes with overall findings and some reflections
on the potential for long-term tax-shifting programmes
in the context of policy targets as well as technological
innovation and demographic changes.
The intended audience of this European Environment
Agency (EEA) publication is the professional
environmental evaluation community, that is,
evaluators of European environment and climate
policies, the EEA's networks and interested evaluation
professionals, including those that are active in the
European Environmental Evaluators Network (EEEN).
The publication aims to facilitate a dialogue on policy
evaluation, by clearly setting out the EEA's views on
some of the challenges that evaluators encounter in the
areas of environment and climate policy.
This document is the annual European Union (EU) emission inventory report to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention
on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP). The report and its accompanying data constitute the official submission by the European Commission (EC) on behalf of the EU as a Party to the Executive Secretary of UNECE. The report is compiled by the European Environment Agency (EEA) in cooperation with the EU Member States.
This report builds on and complements existing products and initiatives on urban adaptation in Europe. It focuses on the state of actions in the field and progress achieved since the first EEA report in 2012, and it considers this analysis in relation to current challenges: Do existing actions lead to attractive, climate-resilient cities and if not, what needs to be changed? The report aims to broaden perspectives and provide input to a review and subsequent adjustment of urban adaptation to climate change by local governments and by supporting regional, national and European institutions, researchers and other relevant stakeholders.
Transport and environment in Europe
EU GHG inventory submission to UNFCCC (EEA and DG Climate Action)
This paper briefly analyses the major factors that accounted for decreased greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions excluding land use, land use changes and forestry (LULUCF) in the EU-28. It consists of two parts: the first part looks at the year 2014 compared to 2013 and the second part looks at the whole
period between 1990 and 2014. The data is based on the EU’s GHG inventory submission to UNFCCC in 2016.
The paper ends with a quick overview of emission estimates for 2015 from other sources.
This report is the annual submission of the greenhouse gas inventory of the European Union to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. It presents the greenhouse gas emissions between 1990 and 2014 for the EU-28 individual Member States by IPCC sector.
This report is the annual submission of the greenhouse gas inventory of the European Union to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (the Executive Summary). It presents the greenhouse gas emissions between 1990 and 2014 for the EU-28 individual Member States by IPCC sector.
The Multiannual Work Programme (MAWP) 2014–2018, ‘Expanding the knowledge base for policy implementation and long-term transitions’, sets out the overall objectives for the work of the European Environment Agency (EEA) and the European Environment Observation and Information Network (Eionet) in line with the provisions of the EEA/Eionet Regulation. The MAWP is delivered through annual work programmes.
This Consolidated Annual Activity Report (CAAR) documents the delivery of the Annual Work Programme (AWP) 2015.
Noise pollution is a major problem for Europe’s environment. Transport and industry are the main sources of concern and prolonged exposure can damage human health and adversely affect ecosystems. European legislation aims to reduce noise pollution and also highlights the need to preserve areas that are currently unaffected. These so called quiet areas are an important component of the European soundscape and may offer havens away from noise pollution. This report sets out to identify where these potential quiet areas might be and offers an insight into how they could benefit the human and wildlife populations that inhabit or benefit from the rural European soundscape that is currently unaffected by noise pollution.
A scoping study on the links between public communication, environment policy implementation and behavioural science. In its Multiannual Work Programme
2014-2018, the EEA highlights the need for a transition towards a more
sustainable society, fully aligned with the European Union’s 7th Environment
Action Programme. This study explores - and aims to develop - the role
of public communication to improve the implementation of environmental
legislation and to contribute to this debate by bringing communications, environment and behaviour closer. It draws from other EEA work, in particular on consumption and policy evaluation where relevant.
Reporting by Member States under Directive 2001/81/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2001 on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants
This report presents an overview of approaches to material resource efficiency and to circular economy in thirty two European countries. It explores similarities and differences in national policy responses, with respect to policy objectives, priority resources and sectors, driving forces, targets and indicators, and the institutional setup. The report also reviews the EU policy framework for resource efficiency and analyses trends in material use and resource productivity between 2000 and 2014. Finally, it includes a number of considerations for the development of future policies on material resource efficiency and the circular economy. The analysis is richly illustrated with some sixty examples of countries’ policy initiatives, described in more detail in the 32 country profiles published alongside the main report.
For references, please go to http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/latest or scan the QR code.
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