The EU contributes around 12 % of annual global anthropogenic direct greenhouse gas emissions.
Global cuts in greenhouse gas emissions are insufficient to keep average world temperature increases below 2° C.
The UNEP Montreal Protocol resulted in a significant reduction of emissions of some potent greenhouse gases.
According to preliminary estimates, EU greenhouse gas emissions were 17 % below 1990 levels in 2009.
The EU-15 is on track to meet its common Kyoto Protocol target (8 % reduction compared to 1990 levels). Other EU Member States with individual Kyoto targets are also on track.