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Sound and independent information
on the environment

Key facts

Marine and coastal environment - key fact 1

30 % of Europe’s fish stocks (for which information exists) are fished outside safe biological levels.

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Marine and coastal environment - key fact 2

The consumption of fish in Europe has been increasing over the last 15 years while fish catches from European waters have decreased.

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Marine and coastal environment - key fact 3

Where marine species and habitat types have been assessed, the majority are found to be in unfavourable or unknown condition; only 10 % of habitats and 2 % of species are found in good condition.

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Marine and coastal environment - key fact 4

The sea surface temperature changes in the European regional seas have been up to six times greater than in the global oceans in the past 25 years.

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Marine and coastal environment - key fact 5

The current reduction of 0.1 in pH that has occurred over the industrial era translates to a 30 % increase in ocean acidity. This change has occurred at a rate that is about a hundred times faster than any change in acidity experienced during the past 55 million of years. A further decline of 0.3-0.4 pH units, projected for surface waters during the 21st century, represents a 100-150 % increase in acidity.

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100