Nature protection and biodiversity - State and impacts (Sweden)
- Nature and biodiversity
Sweden’s latest Red List was published in April 2010. The number of species that are red-listed has increased marginally since 2005. Now, 4 127 species are on the Red List.
b) What are the state (S) and impacts (I) related to this theme, including impacts on the natural environment and human health/human well-being, both at national level as well as in transboundary terms?
We did not meet the 2010 target to halt the loss of biodiversity. Many species and habitats are not viable in the long term, as seen for example in the report on species and habitats under the Habitats directive, article 17 (report with English summary, http://www.artdata.slu.se/filer/Arter_och_naturtyper_i_habitatdirektivet_lowres.pdf).
This means that we will continue to lose species and hence also the ecosystem services, or the resilience in ecosystems and ecosystem services, which will have an impact on other species, ecosystems, economy and well-being.
The Red List
Sweden's latest Red List was published by the Swedish Species Information Centre at the end of April 2010. It shows that 4 127 species are qualified for the Red List, which means that the number of species that are red-listed has increased marginally since 2005, from 19.3 % to 19.8 %.
The red list index (RLI, which is also a SEBI indicator) is today 0.921, but there is a difference between different organism groups. The RLI for vertebrates is 0.864 and for vascular plants 0.874, while all other groups have a higher figure, meaning that vertebrates and vascular plants might have a higher risk of extinction,
For a summary of the Swedish Red List see: http://www.artdata.slu.se/rodlista/filer/Rodlista2010-sammanfattning.pdf.
Sweden has recorded more than 2000 alien species and populations, of which 175 are considered invasive.
Go to: http://www.nobanis.org/Charts.asp; Select country: Sweden; Choose type of chart: Number of alien species.
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe's environment.
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