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You are here: Home / The European environment – state and outlook 2010 / Country assessments / Netherlands / Air pollution - Drivers and pressures (Netherlands)

Air pollution - Drivers and pressures (Netherlands)

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SOER Common environmental theme from Netherlands
Published: 26 Nov 2010 Modified: 08 Apr 2011

Domestic energy consumption

In 2008, total domestic energy consumption declined by 0.8 % compared to 2007. The decrease was largest in the industry (-6.5 % in 2008), because of the economic recession. Primary energy consumption and electricity production by the power sector fell by 4 %. In contrast, energy consumption by households increased by 6 % compared to 2007 (which had a mild winter), and electricity use by households increased by 2.3 % compared to 2007. In addition, energy use by traffic increased by 2.5 %. More information can be found at:

Road transport: volume developments and emissions

Road transport volumes have grown further, while air pollution by traffic (NOx and PM10) continued to decline (Figure 5). Recently, it has become clear that NOx- emissions from diesel cars have decreased much less than anticipated by the subsequent EU standards. This has not been fully accounted for in Figure 5.

Figure 5: Emissions of NOx and PM10 from road traffic have decreased despite growing traffic volume.

Figure 5: Emissions of NOx and PM10 from road traffic have decreased despite growing traffic volume. Source: http://www.milieuennatuurcompendium.nl/indicatoren/nl0082-Emissies-naar-lucht-per-doelgroep%2C-volgens-IPCC-en-NEC.html?i=14-70

Emissions of air pollutants per sector

About 90 % of the NH3 emissions and 60 % of the CH4 emissions are caused by agriculture (Figure 6). About 90 % of the SO2 emissions are caused by industry, energy and refineries. About 60 % of the NOx and CO emissions are caused by transport. Many sectors contribute substantially to the national emissions of PM10 and NMVOC.

Figure 6: Contributions of different sectors to emissions of air pollutants and their precursors.

Figure 6: Contributions of different sectors to emissions of air pollutants and their precursors.

Geographic coverage

Disclaimer

The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing.

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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