Country profile - Societal developments (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia)
The main characteristics of the current situation may be summarised as follows:
- erosion remains the most important type of soil degradation. According to the republic’s erosion map (Water Management Institute,1993), 96.5 % of the total area is under processes of erosion;
- according to data for 2005, around 10 % of the territory is categorised as unproductive land;
- only half of the productive land is arable, corresponding to 25 % of the territory. However, parts of the arable land have been abandoned, thus reducing this to 20 % of the territory;
- Only 10 % of the arable land belongs to higher land-use classes. The reduction of the arable areas also occurs in the most fertile areas as the result of different types of degradation;
- overall, in recent years, around 70 000 ha, most of which is first class land, have been removed from agricultural production;
- contamination of productive soil continues to present a problem, especially due to the lack of monitoring of the degree of contamination through established monitoring and information systems.
 Second National Environmental Action Plan of the Republic of Macedonia, 2006, page 38
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
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