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You are here: Home / The European environment – state and outlook 2010 / Country assessments / Montenegro / Waste - State and impacts (Montenegro)

Waste - State and impacts (Montenegro)

SOER Common environmental theme from Montenegro.
Topic
Waste Waste
Published: 26 Nov 2010 Modified: 22 Dec 2010

Even though waste statistics in Montenegro are not well developed and there is a lack of data on overall waste generation and on specific waste streams, it is clear that waste is a significant problem. Improper disposal, usually on simple waste dumps both legal and illegal, is a significant source of air, soil, and surface and groundwater pollution. Regarding municipal waste generation, one of the EEA Core Set of Indicators, estimates range from 0.8 kg/person/day (Master Plan) to 1 kg/person/day (official statistics).

 

Quantity of Waste Generated

This report is based on the data from the Strategic Master Plan for Waste Management as baseline data.

Since the geographic structure of Montenegro varies considerably in ways relevant for municipal waste generation, handling, transport and disposal, the assessment of quantities of waste generated Montenegro is divided into three regions, corresponding also to the official regional division:

▫         mountainous (northern) region;

▫         central region;

▫         coastal region.

 

Seen by region, the Strategic Master Plan assumes the following daily waste quantities per capita:

▫         mountain region 0.6 kg/person/day;

▫         central region 0.8 kg/person/day;

▫         coastal region 0.9 kg/person/day.

 

According to the Strategic Master Plan, the quantity of waste generated by visitors is 1.5 kg/visitor/day. The Master Plan also includes the waste generated by residents of Montenegro with those generated by refugees – 0.25 kg/person/day.

In line with the above, annual waste generation in Montenegro is determined as per the following table:

           

Table 1 Quantity of Waste Generated

Region

Waste generator

Projections

Population

Visitors 

(nights)

Refugees

Projections (t/y)

Northern

194 879

119 626

13 601

46 877

Central

279 419

124 874

15 947

85 598

Coastal

145 847

5 691 770

17 336

60 673

Montenegro

620 145

5 936 270

46 884

193 148


Composition of Municipal Waste

The composition of municipal waste in regions in Montenegro is given in the following table (as per the Strategic Master Plan).

Table 2  Overview of Average Annual Composition of Municipal Waste (%)

REGION

Paper& cardboard

Glass

Metal

Plastic

Textile

Organic

Other

Central

17

7

4

10

5

25

32

Coastal

25

10

5

15

5

25

15

Northern

15

7

4

12

5

35

22

Average

18

8

4

12

5

28

25

 

Hazardous Municipal Waste

In Montenegro there are no assessments of the types and quantities of hazardous waste from households. Considering that the generation of these types of waste is not monitored separately, but is seen within overall quantities of municipal waste generated, data on annual quantities generated is not available. Experience from other countries ranges from 0.4 to 4.7 kg/person/year, meaning that the annual quantity generated in Montenegro ranges between 250 and 3 000 t. Based on indicators in countries with a similar level of economic development, these figures are probably closer to the lower limit. In the Strategic Master Plan, the expected quantity of hazardous waste generated in households is assumed to be 950 t/year.

 

 Waste Treatment and Recycling

Recycling of municipal waste, with small exceptions, is not done and there are no proper waste recycling facilities.

The quantities of selectively collected secondary raw materials in Montenegro in 2006 are shown in the following table:

      Table 3 Quantities of selectively collected secondary raw materials

Material

Amount (t/year)

Paper, cardboard

2 800

Metal/car wrecks

460

Tins

31

Plastic

49

Glass

40

Total

3 380

 

Waste Disposal

The Podgorica regional sanitary landfill for the municipalities of Podgorica, Danilovgrad and Cetinje was built in 2007 and is currently used to dispose of waste collected within the municipalities of Podgorica and Danilovgrad.

In other towns waste is mostly disposed at sites some of which are located in ways that pose a threat to public health and the environment. With a small number of exceptions, these sites are quite poorly managed. None of the locations were selected in accordance with environmental protection principles and proper technical protection measures are not undertaken – collected waste is directly placed on the ground, with no protective layers.

 

Amounts of Hazardous Waste

In the Strategic Master Plan it is assumed that the following amounts of hazardous waste are generated:

       

Table 4 Presumed Amounts of Hazardous Waste

Waste Category

Unit

Amount

Type of Waste

Category A

t/year

1 152

Waste oils

Category B

t/year

3 796

Organic waste containing S or halogens

Category C

t/year

916

Liquid, calorific organic waste without S or halogens

Category H

t/year

3 810

Organic waste without S or halogens

Category K

t/year

little

Waste containing mercury

Category O

t/year

little

Reactive waste

Category T

t/year

little

Pesticides and herbicides

Category X

t/year

8 911

Non-organic waste

Category Z

t/year

207

Other waste

Total

t/year

18 792

 

Geographical coverage

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The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing.

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