Climate change mitigation - National Responses (Montenegro)
- Climate change
The Ministry of Physical Planning and Environment (MPPE) has the main responsibility for climate change in Montenegro. The Ministry creates policies and adopts relevant regulations, while the Environmental Protection Agency, as an executive body, implements climate change policy. In 2008, an authorised national body was established within the Ministry for approving Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects.
The Environmental Protection Agency was established in early 2009 to carry out activities in the field of environmental protection. In institutional terms, the establishment of the Agency represents a significant strengthening of capacities in the field of environmental protection, including climate change, and is an essential prerequisite for the implementation of legislation. A technical and operational body for the implementation of the Clean Development Mechanism has been established within the Agency which will also be responsible for managing the GHG gas inventory. An inventory team will be responsible for the selection of methodology, data collection (input data and emission factors provided by statistical services and other organisations), data development and archiving and the implementation of quality control and quality assurance (QA/QC).
Energy Policy comes under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Economy of Montenegro. Energy policy and energy development are based on EU requirements in this field. The basic objective is to identify sustainable, secure and competitive energy supplies.
An agreement on Energy Community (Energy Community Treaty) was signed in 2005 and entered into force in 2006 . This agreement represented Montenegro’s first legally-binding document towards the EU.
Fundamental long-term planning documents are the Energy Policy of Montenegro and the Energy Development Strategy to 2025. These energy policy and strategy documents form the basis for an action plan which aims to implement the Strategy. These documents are complementary, since they have the same goal: to develop a specific vision for energy and determine how this vision will be realised.
The new Energy Act (passed on 22 April 2010) transposes into Montenegrin law the EU Directive 2001/77 on the promotion of electricity produced from renewable sources in the internal electricity market and the EU Directive 2009/28 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. This Act also provided incentives for using renewable energy sources and encouraging cogeneration.
 Law on ratification of the Energy Community between the European Community and the Republic of Montenegro ("Official Gazette MNE" no. 66/06)