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You are here: Home / The European environment — state and outlook 2015 / Country assessments / Belgium / Nature protection and biodiversity - National Responses (Belgium)

Nature protection and biodiversity - National Responses (Belgium)

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This content has been archived on 21 Mar 2015, reason: A new version has been published
National Biodiversity Strategy 2006-2016, Belgium
Topic
Nature and biodiversity Nature and biodiversity
more info
NFP-Belgium
Organisation name
NFP-Belgium
Reporting country
Belgium
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Organisation website
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Last updated
22 Dec 2010
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CC By 2.5
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NFP-Belgium
Published: 05 Nov 2010 Modified: 21 Mar 2015 Feed synced: 22 Dec 2010 original

At the national level, the National Biodiversity Strategy 2006-2016, adopted in October 2006, was developed as a direct response to Article 6 of the Convention on Biological Diversity. It is the first document on biodiversity that is applicable both at federal and regional levels.

The strategy spells out a range of priority objectives to anticipate, prevent and reduce the causes of biodiversity loss in Belgium. It also aims to (i) implement the Convention on Biodiversity, (ii) reach the 2010 target set out by the EU (halt the loss of biodiversity in Europe by 2010) and (iii) provide an integrated national response to the numerous treaties and agreements on biodiversity to which Belgium is a party.

More information available on: http://www.biodiv.be/implementation/strategy-be


Integration of biodiversity in sectoral activities

In November 2009, the federal government adopted the Federal Plan for the Sectoral Integration of Biodiversity. This plan is one of the government contributions to the 2010 International Year of Biodiversity and to the implementation of Belgium’s National Biodiversity Strategy 2006-2016.

The plan focuses on four key sectors at the federal level: economy, development cooperation, science policy and transport. The objective is to better integrate biodiversity concerns in the activities of these sectors. This sectoral integration of biodiversity should not be restricted to a limited number of sectors, hence this plan is to be seen as a first step in this approach.

More information available on: http://www.biodiv.be/implementation/laws-policies/policies/federal/biodiv-plan

 

Protected areas

An overall total surface area for protected areas (PAs) cannot be given, since surfaces of PAs of several types overlap, wholly or partially.

The total Natura 2000 surface area in the terrestrial zone comes to 12.6 % of Belgium. In the marine zone about 12 % of the Belgian territorial sea and its exclusive economic zone is designated as Natura 2000.

The demarcation of the protected areas, which are summarised in Table 2, is embedded in regional policies aimed at countering the loss of biodiversity (except for the federal marine protected areas). Hence the response to biodiversity loss is described on a regional level below.

 

 

Brussels-Capital

Flanders

Wallonia

Federal marine

Belgium

 

Number

Area (ha)

Number

Area (ha)

Number

Area (ha)

Number

Area (ha)

Number

Area(ha)

 Total surface area

 

 16 140

 

1 352 200 

 

1 684 400 

 

 346 200

 

 3 052 800

Nature reserves

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   public nature reserves

13

117

368

14 546

147

7 058

1

670

406

21 083

   private nature reserves

-

-

554

19 302

135

2 261

-

-

767

20 432

Natura 2000

3

2 432

62

166 187

240

220 945

5

42 305

310

428 908

Forest reserves

2

112

47

2 546

13

610

-

-

61

4 556

Forest special protection areas

4

587

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wetlands of biological interest

-

-

-

-

51

1 091

-

-

49

1 045

Caves

-

-

-

-

70

-

-

-

63

-

Natural parcs

-

-

1

5 700

9

306 971

-

-

10

312 167

Ramsar and other wetlands

-

-

4

5 572

4

38 528

1

1900

9

4 600

Dune Protection Act: protected dunes

-

-

135

1 105

-

-

-

-

±117

1 088

 

Table 2: Overview of the numbers and surface area of various types of protected areas (Source: National Focal Point of Belgium for the Convention on Biological Diversity (2009), p96 – revised according to recent changes)

 

Designated protected areas

In Belgium there are no special targets requiring protected areas to cover a minimum percentage of the ecological regions. However, the EU Habitats Directive and Birds Directive include qualitative targets for the designation of protected areas for the listed endangered species and habitats in Belgium.

 

Geographic coverage

Disclaimer

The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing.

European Environment Agency (EEA)
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