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2. Water and related ecosystems
Located in Publications Europe's environment — An Assessment of Assessments
Publication 10 messages for 2010 — freshwater ecosystems
Freshwater ecosystems in Europe are rich in biodiversity but at risk. They provide essential ecosystem services to humans, such as cleaning water, preventing floods, producing food, providing energy and regulating freshwater resources...
Located in Publications
Article PostScript document Alps — The impacts of climate change in Europe today
Located in Signals — well-being and the environment Signals 2010
Figure Annual aquaculture production by country in (EU-15 + EFTA and EU-7, EU 2 + others), 2001 and 2008
The figure shows the annual aquaculture production by country for 2001 and 2008
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Daviz Visualization Annual average sea surface temperature anomaly
Time series of annual average sea surface temperature anomaly, referenced to the average temperature between 1970 and 2012, in the global ocean and in each of the European seas. Data sources: SST datasets from the Hadley Centre (HADISST1 (global)), MOON-ENEA (Mediterranean Sea), and Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie (Baltic and North Seas), and MyOcean.
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Figure Annual water availability per person (Falkenmark indicator)
Present and projected annual water availability per person
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Annual Water availability per capita by country, 2001
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment chemical/x-molconn-Z Aquaculture production (CSI 033) - Assessment published Sep 2011
European aquaculture production has continued to rapidly increase during the past 15 years due to the expansion of marine production. EU 15 and EFTA countries dominate EU’s aquaculture production, where Norway accounted for nearly 40% of the total European production in 2008, followed by Spain, France, Italy and the United Kingdom. Turkey is the most important producer in the EU7 + EU2 + others, having increased its output by nearly 200% from 2001 to 2008. The major increase in aquaculture production has been in marine salmon culture in northwest Europe and, to a lesser extent, trout culture throughout western Europe and Turkey.  Aquaculture production intensity, as measured per kilometre of coastline length, is two times higher in EU 15 + EFTA countries compared with EU7 + EU2 + other countries. This intensity is likely to continue to rise as marine aquaculture production increases, particularly since the culture of new species, such as cod, halibut and turbot, is becoming more viable. This increase represents a rise in pressure on adjacent water bodies and associated ecosystems, resulting mainly from nutrient release from aquaculture facilities. The precise level of local impact will mainly vary according to species, production techniques and local natural characteristics.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Aquaculture production
Figure Octet Stream Aquaculture production (marine and brackish; thousand tonnes) in 1970-2002 in the Mediterranean Sea
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure text/texmacs Arable land in upstream catchments
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100