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Publication 10 messages for 2010 — marine ecosystems
Marine ecosystems provide key services both globally and locally, which are essential for maintaining life on our planet. However, marine biodiversity faces an unprecedented range of pressures. In recent years climate change has caused changes in species distribution and presents new challenges for marine biodiversity as oceans become more acidic.
Located in Publications
Policy Document 2003 Strategies of the OSPAR Commission
2003 Strategies of the OSPAR Commission for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic. II - Eutrophication.
Located in Environmental policy document catalogue
Figure Absolute source apportioned nitrogen load to Danish coastal waters in the period 1981-2004, divided into diffuse load, point sources to freshwater and point sources to marine waters
Load-oriented approach.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Article Air legislation in Europe
Air pollution is not the same everywhere. Different pollutants are released into the atmosphere from a wide range of sources. Once in the atmosphere, they can transform into new pollutants and spread around the world. Designing and implementing policies to address this complexity are not easy tasks. Below is an overview of air legislation in the European Union.
Located in Signals — well-being and the environment Signals 2013 Articles
Indicator Assessment Aquaculture production (CSI 033) - Assessment published Feb 2009
European aquaculture production has continued to increase rapidly during the past 15 years due to expansion in the marine sector in the EU and EFTA countries.  This increase represents a rise in pressure on adjacent water bodies and associated ecosystems, resulting mainly from nutrient release from aquaculture facilities. The precise level of local impact will vary according to production scale and techniques as well as local and regional hydrodynamics and chemical characteristics.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Aquaculture production
Indicator Assessment chemical/x-molconn-Z Aquaculture production (CSI 033) - Assessment published Sep 2011
European aquaculture production has continued to rapidly increase during the past 15 years due to the expansion of marine production. EU 15 and EFTA countries dominate EU’s aquaculture production, where Norway accounted for nearly 40% of the total European production in 2008, followed by Spain, France, Italy and the United Kingdom. Turkey is the most important producer in the EU7 + EU2 + others, having increased its output by nearly 200% from 2001 to 2008. The major increase in aquaculture production has been in marine salmon culture in northwest Europe and, to a lesser extent, trout culture throughout western Europe and Turkey.  Aquaculture production intensity, as measured per kilometre of coastline length, is two times higher in EU 15 + EFTA countries compared with EU7 + EU2 + other countries. This intensity is likely to continue to rise as marine aquaculture production increases, particularly since the culture of new species, such as cod, halibut and turbot, is becoming more viable. This increase represents a rise in pressure on adjacent water bodies and associated ecosystems, resulting mainly from nutrient release from aquaculture facilities. The precise level of local impact will mainly vary according to species, production techniques and local natural characteristics.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Aquaculture production
Daviz Visualization Change in global ocean heat content at different depths
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Figure Change in marine invasive alien species in eight pan-European seas
Data for the Baltic Sea is for parts of the sea with a salinity of > 5 psu
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Change in winter orthophosphate concentrations in coastal and open waters of the North East Atlantic, Baltic, Mediterranean and North Seas, for stations that include observations made in 2005 (left panel) and those that do not (right panel)
Countries included in the analysis: Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden, United Kingdom
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Change in winter orthophosphate concentrations in coastal and open waters of the North East Atlantic, Baltic, Mediterranean and North Seas
The figure shows change in winter orthophosphate concentrations in coastal and open waters of the North East Atlantic, Baltic, Mediterranean and North Seas, 1985-2008
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100