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Publication Global megatrends update: 3 Changing disease burdens and risks of pandemics
In 2010, the EEA produced its first assessment of global megatrends as part of its five-yearly assessment of the European environment’s state, trend and prospects (SOER 2010). In preparation for SOER 2015, the EEA is updating each of the megatrends, providing a more detailed analysis based on the latest data. This publication is one of the 11 updates being published separately in the second half of 2013 and 2014. In 2014 the chapters will be consolidated into a single EEA technical report, which will provide the basis for the analysis of megatrends included in SOER 2015.
Located in Publications
File Disease burdens and the risk of new pandemics — global megatrend 3
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Global megatrends SOER 2010 — assessment of global megatrends
Figure Change in the distribution of Aedes albopictus in Europe
Areas marked as ‘2011’ indicate that the tiger mosquito was detected in 2011 for the first time. They include areas of known geographical expansion of A. albopictus in France, northern Italy and Spain where vector surveillance has been in place since 2008 but also areas in Albania, Greece, and central and southern Italy, where the first detection of the vector in 2011 could be the result of increased vector surveillance rather than actual geographical expansion. ‘2008–2010’ refers to all areas where the vector has been present before 2011. Indoor presence corresponds to the presence recorded in greenhouses.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Climatic suitability for the mosquitos Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in Europe
This figure shows the climatic suitability for the mosquitos Aedes aegypti (left) and Aedes albopictus (right) in Europe. Darker to lighter green indicates conditions not suitable for the vector whereas yellow to red colours indicate conditions that are increasingly suitable for the vector. Grey indicates that no prediction is possible.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure European distribution of Borrelia burgdorferi in questing I. ricinus ticks
The risks described in this figure are relative to each other according to a standard distribution scale. Risk is defined as the probability of finding nymphal ticks positive for Borrelia burgdorferi. For each prevalence quartile, associated climate traits were used to produce a qualitative evaluation of risk according to Office International des Epizooties (OIE) standards at five levels (high, moderate, low, negligible, and null), which directly correlate with the probability of finding nymphal ticks with prevalence in the four quartiles.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
SOER Key fact Health benefits of green spaces
Every 10% increase in green space is associated with a reduction in diseases equivalent to an increase of five years of life expectancy.
Located in Articles Forests, health and climate change Key facts
Figure D source code Areas of possible establishment of Aedes albopictus (the tiger mosquito) in Europe for 2010 and 2030
Developed by Francis Schaffner (BioSys Consultancy, Zurich), in partnership with Guy Hendrickx/Ernst-Jan Scholte (AviaGIS, Zoersel, Belgium) and Jolyon M Medlock (Health Protection Agency, United Kingdom) for the ECDC TigerMaps project
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
SOER Key fact Disease burdens and the risk of new pandemics
The risk of exposure to new, emerging and re-emerging diseases, to accidents and new pandemics, grows with increasing mobility of people and goods, climate change and poverty. Vulnerable Europeans could be severely affected.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 SOER 2010 — assessment of global megatrends Key facts
Figure Various human health risks in relation to development and economic growth and Causes of death
Top graph: From traditional to modern health risks, this “health transition” scheme describes the relation between development and health, distinguishing behavioural risks and the correlated diseases and death causes. Some risks are specifically related to developing countries (blue part of the scheme), others are typically worrying in developed countries (brown part) and some occur everywhere (blue and brown intersection). Bottom graph: Comparison between 2008 and 2030 projected causes of death for 2 income groups.showing the growing projected imoortance of cardiovascular diseases and cancers.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Malaria in 2050
The map shows the current distribution of falciparum malaria (in yellow), areas where it is projected to appear (in red) and disappear (in green) by 2050.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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