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Figure object code Development of Prague (2020) according to the EEA Outlook scenario
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Land take
Land take by the expansion of residential areas and construction sites is the main cause of the increase in the coverage of urban land at the European level. Agricultural zones and, to a lesser extent, forests and semi-natural and natural areas, are disappearing in favour of the development of artificial surfaces. This affects biodiversity since it decreases habitats, the living space of a number of species, and fragments the landscapes that support and connect them. The annual land take in European countries assessed by 2006 Corine land cover project (EEA39 except Greece) was approximately 108 000 ha/year in 2000-2006. In 21 countries covered by both periods (1990-2000 and 2000-2006) the annual land take decreased by 9 % in the later period. The composition of land taken areas changed, too. More arable land and permanent crops and less pastures and mosaic farmland were taken by artificial development then in 1990-2000. Identified trends are expected to change little when next assessment for 2006-2012 becomes available in 2014.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Land take
Figure Soil sealing and population density in the capitals of EEA countries and the Western Balkans
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Projected estimate of exposure to flood for artificial land-use classes
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Projected life cycle land use of fossil, nuclear and renewable electricity systems in 2030 (m2/GJel)
The graph illustrates that energy systems differ in the extent and complexity of their impacts by presenting the projected life cycle land use of fossil, nuclear and renewable electricity systems in 2030. To understand the implications of increased bioenergy production, it is important to recognise that the land used for energy cropping is a natural resource, comprising soil, minerals, water and biota. Where bioenergy involves energy cropping it often necessitates changes to land use, with significant implications for related systems as well Other renewable technologies do also use some land and so do fossil and nuclear systems but the area is comparatively small. Nevetheless these technologies have other limitations.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Development of biodiversity in Europe (1700-2050) in the baseline scenario of the OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030
Graph is for development of biodiversity in Europe (1700-2050).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Global land cover for pan-Europe
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Animation (swf) Welcome to a PRELUDE of Europe's future!
PRELUDE is an EEA project to simulate five contrasting future environmental scenarios for a Europe affected by changing patterns of land use, climate change, agriculture and demographics. The scenarios were created by a group of policy-makers, interest group representatives, experts and independent thinkers from across Europe, combining qualitative analysis and quantitative modelling. This mindstretcher allows you to see how different conditions prompted the various outcomes.
Located in Environmental topics Environmental scenarios Multimedia
Figure D source code Changing area of farmland
Areas of grass and fodder, food crops and biofuel crops trends for 1980, 2005 and 2030. Forested areas are also added as a comparison.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Article Urban soil sealing in Europe
Soil is the earth's living skin and provides us with essential services for life in our planet: production of food; infiltration and cleansing of water and protection against flooding; habitat for plants; areas for recreation and mental health; micro climate regulation, etc. It is such a crucial resource that it can't be ignored. However, particularly in urban areas, soil is being sealed off with increasing housing and infrastructure.
Located in Articles
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100