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You are here: Home / The European environment – state and outlook 2010
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SOER Message Marine and coastal environment — key message 4
Sea surface temperatures and sea level are rising and likely to rise further. The resulting shifts in the geographical and seasonal distribution of marine and coastal species will require adaptations in the management of fisheries and natural habitats to ensure environmental sustainability. Increasing temperatures and the acidification of the world’s oceans due to higher CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere also affect coral reefs in Europe´s overseas territories, which are important centres of biodiversity.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Marine and coastal environment — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
Figure Change in the height of a 50-year return period extreme water level event to the end of the 21st century for different scenarios
The water level is measured relative to the present day tide, due to changes in atmospheric storminess, an increase in mean sea level and vertical land movements
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Sea-level changes in Europe October 1992-May 2007
Based on satellite data; trends in mm/year, inverted barometer included, seasonal signal removed
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Trend in relative sea level at selected European tide gauge stations
The map shows the trend in relative sea level at selected European tide gauge stations since 1970. These measured trends are not corrected for local land movement. No attempt has been made to assess the validity of any individual fit, so results should not be treated as suitable for use in planning or policymaking. Geographical coverage reflects the reporting of tide gauge measurements to the Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level (PSMSL).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Observed changes in (a) global average surface temperature, (b) global average sea level and (c) northern hemispheric snow cover for March-April
All changes are relative to the period 19611990
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Troff document Contributions to global mean sea level budget
Global mean sea level budget (in mm per year) over different time intervals in the past from observations and from model-based contributions. Uncertainty intervals denote the 5 to 95% range. The modelled thermal expansion and glacier contributions are computed from the CMIP5 results. The land water contribution is due to anthropogenic intervention only, not including climate-related fluctuations. Further information is available in the source document.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Changes in global sea level 1870-2006
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Sea-level change at different European tide-gauge stations 1896-2004
Data (mm/year) corrected with regard to postglacial land movement and gravity-field variation.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Projected global average sea-level rise 1990-2100
Six SRES scenarios are shown
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Octet Stream Projections for global mean sea level rise and its contributions
Projections for global mean sea level rise and its contributions in 2081–2100 relative to 1986–2005 from process-based models for the four representative concentration pathways (RCPs) and emisions scenario SRES A1B used in the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. The grey boxes show the median of the model projections (central bar) as well as the likely range, which comprises two thirds of the model projections. The coloured bars and boxes show estimates for the different contributions to global sea-level rise. For further information, see the source document.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100