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Figure Number of aliens at pan- European level; Fig.1a: Aliens in all European Seas; Fig.1b: New introduction of aliens in EU MSFD
Figure 1a (on top) illustrates a cumulative number of aliens in the European Seas (EU + non EU), grouped by primary producers (PP), vertebrates (VER) and invertebrates (INV). Figure 1b (on bottom) illustrates the number of new introductions of all alien species per decade since 1950 in European Seas, by MSFD (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) region and sub-region.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication chemical/x-pdb Marine and coastal environment — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
European marine regions include the north-east Atlantic and Arctic oceans, and the Mediterranean, Black and Baltic seas. Human activities — such as fishing, aquaculture and agriculture — and climate change cause large and severe impacts on Europe's coastal and marine ecosystems. The EU objective of halting biodiversity loss by 2010 has not been met in either the coastal or the marine environment. Recognising the need for an integrated ecosystem-based approach to reduce pressures, the EU Integrated Maritime Policy allows for the development of sea-related activities in a sustainable manner. Its environmental pillar, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, aims to deliver 'good environmental status' of the marine environment by 2020, and the Common Fisheries Policy will be reformed in 2012 with the aim of achieving sustainable fisheries. Complementary policy efforts include the EU Water Framework Directive and other freshwater legislation, and the Habitats and Birds Directives.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Thematic assessments
SOER Key fact Biodiversity - key fact 1
More than 10 000 non-native species are now present in Europe, 10–15 % of which are considered to have negative economic or ecological effects.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Biodiversity — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key facts
Common environmental theme Nature protection and biodiversity - State and impacts (Finland)
Nature protection and biodiversity - State and Impacts
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Finland
Figure Main routes for the spread of the comb jelly Mnemiopsis leidyi in pan-European seas (2006)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Policy Document European Commission (2006). Proposal for a Council Regulation concerning use of alien and locally absent species in aquaculture.
COM(2006) 154 final: 32 pp.
Located in Environmental policy document catalogue
Figure Alien species in European marine/estuarine waters (October 2008)
How to read the graph: In the 1990s, the total number of alien marine species increased to around 1 000
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Policy Document Decision VI/23 on Alien Species that threaten ecosystems, habitats and species.
(COPVI, The Hague, April 2002) to which are annexed the Guiding Principles for the Prevention, Introduction and Mitigation of Impacts of Alien Species that threaten Ecosystems, Habitats or Species.
Located in Environmental policy document catalogue
Common environmental theme Nature protection and biodiversity - Drivers and pressures (Sweden)
Key drivers and pressures of biodiversity. Links to further national information on nature and biodiversity.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Sweden
Common environmental theme Nature protection and biodiversity - State and impacts (Sweden)
State and impact of biodiversity on the natural environment and on human health. Links to further national information on biodiversity.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Sweden
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100