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Highlight Ten things everyone should know about Europe's productive seas
A recent assessment by the European Environment Agency (EEA) showed that European seas are in a worrying state. As policy makers meet to discuss the marine environment that sustains maritime development, the EEA summarises ten important facts about the ecosystems beneath the waves.
Located in News
Press Release Europe's seas: A valuable asset that must be used sustainably
Many of Europe's marine species, habitats and ecosystems have been threatened for decades. As maritime economic activities are predicted to increase in coming years, a new briefing from the European Environment Agency (EEA) argues that the cumulative impact of human activity should be better managed to avoid irreversible damage to ecosystems.
Located in Media News
Figure Entity to be deleted
State of commercial fish stocks in Mediterranean Sea up to 2009
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Annual production of major commercial aquaculture in different environments in Europe (EU-15+EFTA and EU-7, EU 2 + others), 1990-2008
The figure shows the annual production of major commercial aquaculture in different environments in Europe
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Annual aquaculture production of major aquaculture species groups in Europe (EU-15+EFTA and EU-7, EU 2 + others), 1990-2008
The figure show the annual aquaculture production of major aquaculture species groups in Europe
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Total fish catches, aquaculture production, consumption, imports and exports for EEA-32 countries and the western Balkans, 1995 to 2009
Consumption here refers to human consumption only. No consumption data are available for Liechtenstein.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Part 2. Thematic indicator-based assessments
Located in Publications Environmental indicator report 2012 Environmental indicator report 2012 - Ecosystem resilience and resource efficiency in a green economy in Europe
Indicator Assessment Status of marine fish stocks (CSI 032) - Assessment published Sep 2011
Most of the EU commercial catch is currently taken from stocks that are assessed. There is, however, a clear trend from north to south: almost all catches in the north come from assessed stocks, whereas in the south this only happens for around half of the catch.  Of the assessed commercial stocks in the NE Atlantic, about one third is outside safe biological limits. In the Mediterranean, about half of the assessed stocks are fished outside safe biological limits. In the Black Sea no stocks are assessed.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Status of marine fish stocks
Indicator Assessment Fishing fleet capacity (CSI 034) - Assessment published Sep 2011
The overall size and capacity (power and tonnage) of the European fishing fleets continues to follow a downward trend in all countries groups – EU15, EFTA, EU7, and Bulgaria and Romania. There are still however important issues concerning data availability and quality that need to be overcome to allow for a more robust assessment, especially for the Member States who have most recently joined the EU. The average size of vessels seems to be increasing in EU15 and EFTA, whereas in EU7 and in Bulgaria and Romania there seems to be a downward trend. The increase in the average size of vessels in the main European fishing fleets, i.e. EU15 and EFTA, possibly indicates a shift towards trawlers and purse seines, which are usually larger than vessels using passive gear and hence exert a greater fishing pressure. Also, other parameters such as technological developments, type of fishing gear and level of activity should be included in the analysis of fleet capacity to more accurately assess the effective fishing capacity of the European fishing fleet.  
Located in Data and maps Indicators Fishing fleet capacity
Indicator Assessment chemical/x-molconn-Z Aquaculture production (CSI 033) - Assessment published Sep 2011
European aquaculture production has continued to rapidly increase during the past 15 years due to the expansion of marine production. EU 15 and EFTA countries dominate EU’s aquaculture production, where Norway accounted for nearly 40% of the total European production in 2008, followed by Spain, France, Italy and the United Kingdom. Turkey is the most important producer in the EU7 + EU2 + others, having increased its output by nearly 200% from 2001 to 2008. The major increase in aquaculture production has been in marine salmon culture in northwest Europe and, to a lesser extent, trout culture throughout western Europe and Turkey.  Aquaculture production intensity, as measured per kilometre of coastline length, is two times higher in EU 15 + EFTA countries compared with EU7 + EU2 + other countries. This intensity is likely to continue to rise as marine aquaculture production increases, particularly since the culture of new species, such as cod, halibut and turbot, is becoming more viable. This increase represents a rise in pressure on adjacent water bodies and associated ecosystems, resulting mainly from nutrient release from aquaculture facilities. The precise level of local impact will mainly vary according to species, production techniques and local natural characteristics.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Aquaculture production
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100