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Indicator Assessment Use of freshwater resources (CSI 018) - Assessment published Jan 2009
Over the last 10-15 years the Water Exploitation Index (WEI) decreased in 21 EEA countries (Fig.1), mainly in the  in the eastern countries, due to economic and institutional changes and some western countries, as a result of water saving and water efficiency measures. Total water abstraction decreased about 10 %, but nearly half of Europe's population still lives in water-stressed countries (approx. 266 million inhabitants).
Located in Data and maps Indicators Use of freshwater resources
Indicator Assessment Oxygen consuming substances in rivers (CSI 019) - Assessment published Dec 2010
Concentrations of BOD and total ammonium have decreased in European rivers in the period 1992 to 2009 (Fig. 1), mainly due to general improvement in wastewater treatment. See also WISE interactive maps:   Mean annual BOD in rivers and Mean annual Total Ammonium in rivers
Located in Data and maps Indicators Oxygen consuming substances in rivers
Figure Chlorophyll-a concentrations in European seas, 2008
Chlorophyll-a concentrations in European seas in 2008 based on observations
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Oxygen consuming substances in rivers (CSI 019) - Assessment DRAFT created Apr 2012
Concentrations of BOD and total ammonium have decreased in European rivers in the period 1992 to 2009 (Fig. 1), mainly due to general improvement in wastewater treatment. See also WISE interactive maps:   Mean annual BOD in rivers and Mean annual Total Ammonium in rivers
Located in Data and maps Indicators Oxygen consuming substances in rivers
Figure Percentage of European coastal bathing waters complying with mandatory value (or with at least sufficient quality) and meeting guide value (or with excellent quality) for the year 2012 by country
Countries arranged by the percentage of compliance with mandatory value or at least sufficient quality. Five Member States (Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Luxembourg and Slovakia) and Switzerland have no coastal bathing waters. The quality classes under the New Bathing Water Directive (2006/7/EC) are jointed with compliance categories under the Bathing Water Directive (76/160/EEC).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Highlight River Rhine commended for river basin management
The River Rhine has won the first ever International River Foundation (IRF) European River Prize, which is given for remarkable achievements in integrated river basin management. The other finalists were the Órbigo River in Spain, the Upper Drau in Austria, and the Mura-Drava-Danube in Central Europe.
Located in News
Figure Nitrate concentrations in rivers between 1992 and 2009 in different geographical regions of Europe.
The data series per region are calculated as the average of the annual mean for river monitoring stations in the region. Only complete series after inter/extrapolation are included (see indicator specification). The number of river monitoring stations included per geographical region is given in parentheses.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Nutrients in freshwater (CSI 020) - Assessment DRAFT created Apr 2012
•    Average nitrate concentrations in European groundwaters increased from 1992 to 1998, but have declined again since 2004. •    The average nitrate concentration in European rivers decreased by approximately 13% between 1992 and 2009 (from 2.5 to 2.1 mg/l N), reflecting the effect of measures to reduce agricultural inputs of nitrate. •    Average orthophosphate concentrations in European rivers have decreased markedly over the last two decades, being halved between 1992 and 2009 (52% decrease). Also average lake phosphorus concentration decreased over the period 1992-2009 (by 22%), the major part of the decrease occurring in the first half of the period. The decrease in phosphorus concentrations reflects both improvement in wastewater treatment and reduction in phosphorus in detergents. •    Overall, reductions in the levels of freshwater nutrients over the last two decades primarily reflect improvements in wastewater treatment. Emissions from agriculture continue to be a significant source.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in freshwater
Figure Projected change in average annual and seasonal river flow
Projected change in mean annual and seasonal river flow between the climate change scenario (SRES A1B, 2071-2100) and the control period (1961-1990). Simulations with LISFLOOD based on an ensemble of 11 RCMs.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure C source code ECWP (in € PPS/m3) for potatoes among European Countries
The chart displays the production value at producer price (values at current prices) in € PPS of the irrigated potatoes per volume of water used for their irrigation (in m3) among different countries in Europe.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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