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Figure Water Use Intensity (WUI) for citrus across Southern European NUTS2 areas
The map shows the volume of irrigated water used (in m³) for citrus per production value at producer price (values at current prices) in € PPS among different countries in Europe at NUTS2 level. In cases where NUTS2 level data was not available the map shows the result in country level.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Nutrients in freshwater (CSI 020) - Assessment DRAFT created Sep 2014
Average nitrate concentrations in European groundwater increased from 1992 to 1998, but have declined again since 2005. The average nitrate concentration in European rivers declined by 0.03 mg N/l (0.8%) per year over the period 1992 to 2012. The decline in nitrate concentrations reflects the effect of measures to reduce agricultural inputs of nitrate as well as improvement in wastewater treatment. Average orthophosphate concentration in European rivers has decreased markedly over the last two decades (0.003 mg P/l or 2.1% per year). Also average lake phosphorus concentration decreased over the period 1992-2012 (0.0004 mg P/l, or 0.8% per year). The decrease in phosphorus concentrations reflects both improvement in wastewater treatment and reduction in phosphorus in detergents.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in freshwater
Data Waterbase - Rivers
Waterbase is the generic name given to the EEA's databases on the status and quality of Europe's rivers, lakes, groundwater bodies and transitional, coastal and marine waters, and on the quantity of Europe's water resources
Located in Data and maps Datasets
Figure Correlation between the average country level WUI and the % of area irrigated with surface irrigation systems in 24 EU countries
The chart displays the correlation between the average country level WUI (in m3/€ PPS), among all crops in the country, and the % of area irrigated with surface irrigation systems in 22 European countries, with % of area irrigated with surface irrigation systems below 40% in 2010 (FI, DE, NO, DK, NL, SE, FR, UK, CH, MT, CZ, CY, AT, HU, SI, HR, EL, RO, PL, IT, ES, SK).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5) and total ammonium concentrations in rivers between 1992 and 2011
Concentrations are expressed as annual mean concentrations. Only complete series after inter/extrapolation are included (see indicator specification). The number of river monitoring stations included per country is given in metadata (see downloads and more info). BOD7 data has been recalculated into BOD5 data. If data on total ammonium are not available, data on ammonium are included into the data series.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure BOD5 concentrations in rivers between 1992 and 2011 draining to different sea regions of Europe
The sea region data series are calculated as the average of annual mean data from river monitoring stations in each sea region. The data thus represents rivers or river basins draining into that particular sea. Only complete series after inter/extrapolation are included (see indicator specification). The number of river monitoring stations included per sea region is given in parentheses. There were no stations with consistent data series on BOD7 in rivers draining to the Arctic Ocean. BOD7 data has been recalculated into BOD5 data.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment chemical/x-molconn-Z Aquaculture production (CSI 033) - Assessment published Sep 2011
European aquaculture production has continued to rapidly increase during the past 15 years due to the expansion of marine production. EU 15 and EFTA countries dominate EU’s aquaculture production, where Norway accounted for nearly 40% of the total European production in 2008, followed by Spain, France, Italy and the United Kingdom. Turkey is the most important producer in the EU7 + EU2 + others, having increased its output by nearly 200% from 2001 to 2008. The major increase in aquaculture production has been in marine salmon culture in northwest Europe and, to a lesser extent, trout culture throughout western Europe and Turkey.  Aquaculture production intensity, as measured per kilometre of coastline length, is two times higher in EU 15 + EFTA countries compared with EU7 + EU2 + other countries. This intensity is likely to continue to rise as marine aquaculture production increases, particularly since the culture of new species, such as cod, halibut and turbot, is becoming more viable. This increase represents a rise in pressure on adjacent water bodies and associated ecosystems, resulting mainly from nutrient release from aquaculture facilities. The precise level of local impact will mainly vary according to species, production techniques and local natural characteristics.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Aquaculture production
Indicator Assessment Use of freshwater resources (CSI 018) - Assessment published Dec 2010
Over the last 10-17 years the Water Exploitation Index (WEI) decreased in 24 EEA countries (Fig.1), as a result of water saving and water efficiency measures. Total water abstraction decreased about 12 %, but one fifth  of Europe's population still lives in water-stressed countries (approx. 113 million inhabitants).
Located in Data and maps Indicators Use of freshwater resources
Indicator Assessment Bathing water quality (CSI 022) - Assessment published Dec 2010
The quality of water at designated bathing beaches in Europe (coastal and inland) has improved significantly since 1992. Compliance with mandatory values in EU coastal bathing waters increased from 82.3 % in 1992 to 95.6 % in 2009. Compliance with guide values likewise rose from 71.1 % to 89 %. In 1992, 37.4 % of EU inland bathing areas complied with mandatory values compared to 89.4 % in 2009. Similarly, the rate of compliance with guide values moved from 22 % in 1992 to 70.7 % in 2009.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Bathing water quality
Indicator Assessment Nutrients in transitional, coastal and marine waters (CSI 021) - Assessment published Jul 2011
Decreasing nutrient concentrations were found in the North Sea and in the Baltic Sea. In the Mediterranean and Black Sea, the lack of temporally and spatially comprehensive time series does not allow an overall assessment. In 2008, the highest concentrations of oxidized nitrogen were found in the Gulf of Riga, and in Lithuanian, Swedish, German, Belgian, and Scottish coastal waters. Between 1985 and 2008, 12% of all the stations in the European seas reported to the EEA showed decreasing trends of oxidized nitrogen concentrations. These trends were more evident in the open Baltic Sea and in the Dutch and German coastal waters in the North Sea. In 2008, the highest orthophosphate concentrations were found at Finnish coastal stations in the Gulf of Finland, the Gulf of Riga, German, Belgian, French, and Scottish coastal waters. Between 1985 and 2008, 15% of all the stations in the European seas reported to the EEA showed a decrease in orthophosphate concentrations, mainly because of improved waste water treatment. This decrease was most evident in Norwegian, Lithuanian, Danish, Belgian and Dutch coastal water stations, and in the open waters of the North and Baltic Seas.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in transitional, coastal and marine waters
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100