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SOER Message Soil — key message 3
Soil erosion by wind and water, largely the result of unsuitable land management, deforestation, overgrazing, construction activities and forest fires, affects around 17% of Europe’s land area. Erosion rates and extents are expected to continue to reflect changing patterns of land use and climate change.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Soil — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Soil — key message 4
Soil is being lost due to intensive soil sealing – about 4% of Europe’s total land area is sealed and the demand for urbanisation and transport infrastructure is rising. In addition, it is estimated that around 18% of agricultural soils are affected by compaction.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Soil — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Soil — key message 5
Industrialisation and poor management have left thousands of contaminated sites throughout Europe, resulting in human health impacts and environmental problems including groundwater contamination. While some countries have made significant progress, the identification and remediation of contaminated sites in many countries is patchy, with limited progress over the past five years.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Soil — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Soil — key message 6
Few countries have specific legislation to protect soil and there is no EU law or regulatory instrument that specifically addresses threats to it or requires the systematic collection of comparable data. The European Commission has published a strategy on soil protection, including legislative proposals, and further measures to support soil conservation within EU environmental and/or sectoral policies seem appropriate.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Soil — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
Figure Average total deposition of sulphate, 1995-1998
Notes: At 309 intensive monitoring plots
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Breakdown of activities causing local soil contamination.
The graph shows a breakdown of the main sources causing soil contamination by country as % of the number of sites where preliminary investigations have been completed
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Estimated allocation of public and private expenditures for management of contaminated sites by country
The graph shows the estimated allocation of public and private expenditure for site remediation.Values on top indicate total annual management expenditure in Million euro
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Concentration of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) in the upper soil in kindergartens in the Czech cities monitored in 2004
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Highlight chemical/x-mdl-rdfile Soil protection critical for Europe's economy and ecosystems
Soil is one of the planet's invaluable resources but continues to be degraded in Europe. Together, the mineral particles, water, air, organic matter, and living organisms that constitute soil perform key functions which underpin our society.
Located in News
File Octet Stream Windbreaks: Environmental Atlas of Europe - Georgia
During the Soviet era, Dedoplistskaro in south east Georgia was the country’s main production area for wheat and sunflower seeds. That came to an end in 1991 when Georgia became independent and Russia cut off its energy supply. To survive the cold winters, the people resorted to cutting down trees for firewood, stripping the countryside of the windbreaks that protected the crops and soil from the harsh desert winds and provided a natural habitat for many species of animals and plants.
Located in The Environmental Atlas Windbreaks Video
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100