The pan-European environment: glimpses into an uncertain future
EEA Report No 4/2007
- EEA (European Environment Agency)
- OPOCE (Office for Official Publications of the European Communities)
- Published: 10 Oct 2007
Arctic ice cover in September 2007 The extent of the summer sea ice in September 2007 reached a historical minimum, 39 % below the climatic average for the first two decades of satellite observations (red line)
Aggregated material use, historic and projected to 2020 The median value identifies the middle of a distribution, i.e
IEA estimates and projections of energy-related CO2 emissions per capita from 1990 to 2030 International comparisons
Distribution of natural resources in the pan-European region for selected issues Hydropower potential, gross hypothetical capability
Projected percentage change in per capita electricity consumption from 2004 to 2030 International comparison
Projected percentage changes in TEC per capita and FEC per capita from 2004 to 2030 International comparison
Distribution of natural resources in the pan-European region for selected issues Global land cover 2000
Net migration required to hold working age population constant at 1995 levels in 2050 For the sake of comparison, there was a net migration of about 8.8 million into the EU and about 3.3 million into the Russian Federation during the 1990s.
Water stress in Europe, 2000 and 2030 Current water stress in European river basins (year 2000) and under the LREM-E scenario by 2030.
Projected percentage change in passenger transport by mode and car ownership rate from 2000 to 2050 International comparison
Renewable share of total energy consumption in 2004 and projections for 2030 International comparison
Trade between Western and Central Europe and South Eastern Europe (WCE + SEE), and EECCA, 2000 and 2005
Globally threatened terrestrial vertebrates in the pan-European region, 2006 This graph shows numbers of globally threatened species (Vulnerable, Endangered, Critically endangered) of terrestrial vertebrates (Mammals, Birds, Amphibians and Reptiles) in the three country groups of interest in the Belgrade report context (1.South and Eastern Europe, 2
Distribution of natural resources in the pan-European region for selected issues Major mineral fuel resources
Total energy consumption per capita and final energy consumption per capita in 2004 and projections of 2030 International comparison
Projected changes in annual river-flow, 2070s Note: Two different climate models (ECHAM4 and HadCM3).
Projected change in energy-related CO2 emissions for IEA reference and alternative scenarios, 2004-2030 International comparisons
Projected percentage change in renewables consumption by type from 2004 to 2030 International comparison
Loss of statistical life expectancy attributed to anthropogenic contributions to PM2.5, 2000 and 2020
Passenger-km per year per capita in 2000 and projected for 2050 and Projected car ownership rates in 2050 International comparison
Total energy demand projections and projected change in energy-related CO2 emission for two scenarios, 2004-2030
Electricity consumption per capita and final energy consumption per capita in 2004 and projections for 2030 International comparison
The pan-European region in 2007 Country groupings in the report: The pan-European environment: glimpses into an uncertain future
Distribution of natural resources in the pan-European region for selected issues Solar insolation, annual average
Projected percentage change in greenhouse gas emissions as CO2-equivalents per capita, 2000-2020 International comparisons
Fuel shares in total renewable consumption in 2004 and projections for 2030 International comparison
News and articles
How will the Western Balkans shape its environmental future? Economic development in the Western Balkan countries is putting additional strains on the environment, affecting primarily resource use, waste and biodiversity. A new report by the European Environment Agency (EEA) provides a detailed analysis of the environmental pressures and forces at play and urges policy-makers to take action towards sustainable development.
Environmental trends and perspectives in the Western Balkans: future production and consumption patterns This report looks at the forces shaping the future of the environment in the Western Balkans, in particular at the role of consumption and production patterns. It begins with a review of key recent environmental trends in the region, then analyses the global, European, regional and national drivers — such as social, political and economic — that are shaping production and consumption patterns. Addressing environmental challenges in a sustainable manner requires a close review of plausible future developments in other sectors and the potential implications of these drivers on the environment. At the end report also looks at how different actors in the region can act to shape environmental futures. The report takes a futures perspective because the countries of the Western Balkan are at a turning point in the development of their economies, societies and environment. This is important as in the long term, political, economic and other changes may exacerbate some environmental problems, create new ones and provide the means to address existing issues. The report also closely reviews and assesses how can available information support region-wide forward-looking integrated environment assessment.
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