This report provides information on the state of the
environment in the coastal areas of Europe, and
provides evidence of the need for a more integrated,
long-term approach. Since 1995, concern about the
state of Europe's coastline has led to a number of EU
initiatives, which build on the concept of integrated
coastal zone management (ICZM). ICZM attempts
to balance the needs of development with protection
of the very resources that sustain coastal economies.
It also takes into account the public's concern about
the deteriorating environmental, socio-economic and
cultural state of the European coastline.