Group 7: Management integration
How effectively are environmental management and monitoring tools being used to support policy and decision-making?
positive trend (moving towards objective
some positive development (but insufficient to meet objective)
unfavourable trend (large distance from objective)
? quantitative data not available or insufficient
Group policy context
This group deals with indicators of policy and management integration: the development and implementation of national/regional integrated transport strategies and monitoring systems, and the use of strategic environmental assessment and management systems as tools for promoting environmental integration. All these indicators are also influenced by public behaviour: choices in car purchasing, modal choices (private versus public transport) and driving behaviour. An analysis of how behaviour changes with increased awareness of transport and environment problems can therefore give important information to help target policy.
Integration of the environment into sectoral policies is stated as a priority in the Amsterdam Treaty (1997). The European Council at the Cardiff Summit (1998) urged the Commission and the transport ministers to develop and implement integrated transport policies and to report regularly (using indicators) on progress.
Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) is considered by the Commission to be a key instrument to promote integration (Commission Communication on Integration, 1998). The proposed Directive on SEA covers the transport sector. The TEN guidelines (Decision N° 1692/96/EC of the Council and of the European Parliament, 1996) require methodological work on SEA of the trans-European transport network.
The Community’s Eco-Management and Auditing Scheme (EMAS) aims to promote the use of environmental management systems and auditing as a tool for systematic evaluation of environmental performance.
The Convention on access to information, public participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters (Aarhus Convention, ECE/CEP/43) calls for better environmental education and awareness.
Table 7.1: Integrated transport planning and environmental management
Note: UD ‘under development’
Source: EEA and Questionnaire on Transport and Environment Strategies by the Community Expert Group on Transport and Environment Strategies