Transport demand and intensity
Group 2: Transport demand and intensity
Are we getting better at managing transport demand and at improving the modal split?
positive trend (moving towards objective)
some positive development (but insufficient to meet objective)
unfavourable trend (large distance from objective)
? quantitative data not available or insufficient
Group policy context
The dramatic growth in transport, particularly by road and air, and the resulting environmental and congestion problems, emphasise the need to focus policies on transport demand management and on promoting less environmentally damaging modes like walking, cycling, public transport, rail, inland waterways and sea transport. This requires combined action in various policy areas, such as spatial and transport planning (Group 3); transport infrastructure and services supply (Group 4); pricing (Group 5); organisation of transport operation services and freight logistics, training and education (Group 7).
The main elements of the current CTP are to improve and extend the trans-European transport network (TEN), establish a fairer and more efficient pricing system, revitalise the community’s railways (especially to enhance the use of railways for freight transport) and promote intermodal and combined transport and public transport. As yet none of these strategies aims to reduce the overall growth in demand, nor are concrete targets set for modal shares. The recent Commission Communication on the future development of the CTP stated, however, that ‘the Commission will give particular attention to measures designed to reduce the dependence of economic growth on increases in transport activity’ (CEC, 1998b). Transport demand-management policies are emerging only slowly in some countries.
Group key findings
Figure 2.1: Growth in population, economic activity and transport
For references, please go to http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/ENVISSUENo12/page013.html or scan the QR code.
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