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File Troff document “Fundamental shifts are needed” - the EEA Executive Director explains the latest data on transport and the environment
Located in Media Audiovisuals
Figure Absolute change and average annual relative change of GHG emissions from transport in the EU, 1990-2008
Countries sorted according to absolute change between 1990 and 2008. Average annual relative change (%) = (last year/base year)(1/number of years) – 1.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Air pollution — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
Emissions of air pollutants derive from almost all economic and societal activities. They result in clear risks to human health and ecosystems. In Europe, policies and actions at all levels have greatly reduced anthropogenic emissions and exposure but some air pollutants still harm human health. Similarly, as emissions of acidifying pollutants have reduced, the situation for Europe's rivers and lakes has improved but atmospheric nitrogen oversupply still threatens biodiversity in sensitive terrestrial and water ecosystems. The movement of atmospheric pollution between continents attracts increasing political attention. Greater international cooperation, also focusing on links between climate and air pollution policies, is required more than ever to address air pollution.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Thematic assessments
Publication Air pollution at street level in European cities
Located in Publications
File C source code header Air quality and health
(Transcription of audio on video) Europe loses 200 million working days a year to air pollution-related illness. The air pollutants that affect the respiratory system are ozone, nitrogen oxides, sulphur dioxide, and particulate matter. The breathing in of fine particulate matter significantly increases the numbers of deaths from cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary diseases. Over a third of particulate matter comes from domestic wood stoves, another third from industrial sources, and the remainder from transport and agriculture. Ground level ozone, one of the components of smog and produced through vehicle exhaust and industrial emissions, also has severe implications for respiratory health. The European Commission Clean Air for Europe programme found that in the year 2000 around 350,000 people were dying prematurely due to outdoor pollution of fine particulate matter alone. Although levels of particulate matter and ozone have both been reducing in recent decades, estimates indicate that 20 million Europeans suffer from respiratory problems. Source: The European environment - State and outlook 2005
Located in Environmental topics Environment and health Multimedia
Publication Annual European Community LRTAP Convention Emission Inventory 1990-2004
Located in Publications
File Better and cleaner urban transport for Europe
Urban traffic is responsible for 40% of CO2 road transport emissions. In Europe, 9 citizens out of 10 are exposed to harmful particle emissions that are higher than the tolerated norm. Time wasted in traffic jams will soon cost 1% of the European Union’s GDP. In terms of urban transport, the European Union contributes to financing infrastructures and equipment, but also supports projects aiming at replacing petrol by alternative and clean fuels. Most cities in the EU are putting in place a mix of advanced technologies and transport policy measures, such as alternative traffic management systems to combine mobility and quality of life. The EU cooperates with cities, notably through the CIVITAS network, to favour the exchange of know-how and best practices at European level.
Located in Environmental topics Transport Multimedia
Publication Climate for a transport change. TERM 2007: indicators tracking transport and environment in the European Union
Located in Publications
Infographic Comparison of NOx emission standards for different Euro classes
Real-world NOX emissions from petrol cars in the EU have decreased significantly since 2000, in line with the increasingly stringent emission limits. In significant contrast, the emissions from diesel cars have not improved much over the same period, meaning reductions from diesels have not been as large in reality as originally foreseen in legislation.
Located in Media Infographics
External Data Reference Copert 4
The popular, straightforward and simple to use emissions calculator. COPERT 4 is a software tool used world-wide to calculate air pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions from road transport. The development of COPERT is coordinated by the  European Environment Agency (EEA) , in the framework of the activities of the  European Topic Centre for Air Pollution and Climate Change Mitigation . The European Commission's  Joint Research Centre  manages the scientific development of the model. COPERT has been developed for official road transport emission inventory preparation in EEA  member countries . However, it is applicable to all relevant research, scientific and academic applications.
Located in Data and maps Datasets External datasets catalogue
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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