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Figure Benzo(a)pyrene - Annual target value for the protection of human health
In the directive 2004/107/EC (Fourth Daughter Directive), the EU has set a target value for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) for the protection of human health; the target is defined in terms of concentration of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) which is used as a marker substance for PAHs generally: the BaP annual mean value may not exceed 1 nanogram per cubic metre (ng/m3). The target value enters into force 31.12.2012.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Annual mean fine particulate matter (PM2.5) 2010, based on annual average with percentage of valid measurements ≥ 75 % in μg/m3
The red dots indicate stations reporting exceedances of the 2010 annual target value (25 μg/m3) plus at least 5 μg/m3. The dark orange dots indicate stations reporting exceedances of the 2010 annual target value (25 μg/m3), as set out in the Air Quality Directive. The orange dots indicate stations reporting exceedances of the 2020 indicative annual limit value (20 μg/m3), as set out in the Air Quality Directive. The pale green dots indicate stations reporting exceedances of the WHO air quality guideline for PM2.5 of less than 10 μg/m3 but not in exceedance of target or limit values for PM2.5 as set out in the Air Quality Directive. The dark green dots indicate stations reporting concentrations below the WHO air quality guideline for PM2.5 and implicitly below the target and limit values for PM2.5 as set out in the Air Quality Directive
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure AirBase - Exchange of information
Location of stations for which 2008 air quality data for components O3, PM10, NO2, SO2, C6H6, PM2.5, Pb, CO have been reported. Observed concentration maps for which 2008 air quality data for components O3, PM10, NO2, SO2, C6H6, PM2.5, CO have been reported.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Nitrogen oxide - Annual limit value for the protection of vegetation
In the air quality directive (2008/EC/50), the EU has set a critical level for nitrogen oxides (NOx) for the protection of vegetation within the zones designated by member states: the NOx annual mean value may not exceed 30 micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m3).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Particulate matter (PM10) - Daily limit value for the protection of human health
In the air quality directive (2008/EC/50), the EU has set two limit values for particulate matter (PM10) for the protection of human health: the PM10 daily mean value may not exceed 50 micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m3) more than 35 times in a year and the PM10 annual mean value may not exceed 40 micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m3). In some areas time extensions have been granted by DG Environment for meeting these limit values. Information about time extensions is provided by DG Environment at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/quality/legislation/time_extensions.htm
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Daviz Visualization Concentration status for the target value threshold for protection of crops, 2011
Distribution of rural stations by thresholds of AOT40 concentrations measured in stations for the year 2011. AOT40 concentrations for the protection of vegetation is the accumulated dose of hourly concentrations of O3 over a threshold of 40 ppb, equivalent to 80 μg/m3, accumulated over three month (May to July).
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Daviz Visualization Concentration status for the target value threshold for protection of forests, 2011
Distribution of rural stations by thresholds of AOT40 concentrations for the year 2011. AOT40 concentrations for the protection of forest is the accumulated dose of hourly concentrations of O3 over a threshold of 40 ppb, equivalent to 80 μg/m3, accumulated over five month (April to September).
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Figure Annual mean NO2 concentration observed at urban background stations, EEA member countries, 1997-2007
Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure PM10 36th maximum daily average, 2004
Combined rural and urban concentration map of the 36th maximum daily average PM10, 2004.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Sector split of emissions of acidifying pollutants (EEA member countries; EU-15; New EU-12; Other EEA countries (EFTA-4 and CC3)
Due to numerical rounding, values may not add exactly to 100%
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100