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Figure Heat waves — both a low share of green and blue urban areas and high population densities can contribute to the urban heat island effect in cities
The cities are displayed as dots of different colours and sizes. The colours represent the share of green and blue urban areas inside the Urban Morphological Zone of the city, the size of the dots reflects the population density within the core cities’ UMZ. The background map is the result of climatic modelling and represents the number of combined tropical nights (T>20°C) and hot days (T>35°C) for the period 2071 to 2100.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Percentage of green and blue urban areas — share of cities per class per country
The diagram shows the proportion of cities per country that falls in a particular class regarding the share of green and blue urban areas.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Urban climate analysis map for the city of Arnhem, the Netherlands
The map shows different climate classifications of the areas in the city of Arnheim
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Percentage of the urban area that would be flooded — share of cities per class per country
The diagram shows the proportion of cities per country that fall in a particular class regarding the percentage of potentially flooded area.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Degree of soil sealing across Europe
The map shows soil sealing degree ranging from 0 - 100% in aggregated spatial resolution (100 x 100 m).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
GIS Map Application Heat wave risk of European cities
The share of green (vegetated) and blue (water) areas within cities (2006) can influence the urban heat island effect. Also, population density is associated with increasing this effect of cities and exacerbate the effects of heat waves.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
Publication chemical/x-pdb Urban environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment
The global population is congregating in our cities. Eighty per cent of the world’s estimated nine billion people in 2050 are expected to live in urban areas. Our cities and urban areas face many challenges from social to health to environmental. The impacts of cities and urban areas are felt in other regions which supply cities with food, water and energy and absorb pollution and waste. However, the proximity of people, businesses and services associated with the very word ‘city’ means that there are also huge opportunities. Indeed, well designed, well managed urban settings offer a key opportunity for sustainable living.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Thematic assessments
SOER Message (Deprecated) Adapting to climate change — key message 3
Vulnerabilities differ across regions, sectors and communities, with pronounced consequences expected in the Mediterranean basin, north-western and central-eastern Europe and the Arctic. Many coastal zones, mountains and areas prone to river floods are particularly vulnerable, as are cities and urban areas. In some sectors and regions new opportunities may occur. However, with increases in both temperatures and the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, adverse effects are likely to dominate in the medium to long term.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Adapting to climate change - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Urban environment — key message 3
Cities, due to the high concentration of people and activities, deliver and demand goods and services that impact their own areas and regions far away. While cities in Europe contribute 69 % of the continent's CO2 emissions, an urban resident consumes less energy than a rural resident. Urban density and compactness enable more energy efficient forms of housing and transport – an asset for a more sustainable Europe.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Urban environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Key fact (Deprecated) Urban - key fact 1
In Europe, around 75 % of the population lives in urban areas and this is projected to increase to about 80 % by 2020.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Urban environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key facts
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
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