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Article C source code Linking science, policy and the public
The atmosphere, weather patterns and seasonal variations have long been an object of fascination and observation. In the 4th century B.C., Aristotle’s treatise Meteorology compiled the great philosopher’s observations not only on the weather patterns, but on earth sciences in general. Until the 17th century, air symbolised ‘nothingness’. It was assumed that air had no weight until Galileo Galilei scientifically proved that it has.
Located in Signals — well-being and the environment Signals 2013 Articles
Figure Ozone - 8 hour mean target value for the protection of human health
In the air quality directive (2008/EC/50), the EU has set a target value and a long term objective value for ozone (O3) for the protection of human health. Target value: the maximum daily eight-hour mean may not exceed 120 micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m3) on more than 25 days per calendar year averaged over three years. Long term objective value: the maximum daily eight-hour mean may not exceed 120 micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m3) within a calendar year.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Nitrogen dioxide - Annual limit values for the protection of human health
In the air quality directive (2008/EC/50) the EU has set two limit values for nitrogen dioxide (NO2) for the protection of human health: the NO2 hourly mean value may not exceed 200 micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m3) more than 18 times in a year and the NO2 annual mean value may not exceed 40 micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m3). These limit values come into force for concentrations measured from 1.1.2010 so during 2009 a margin of tolerance equal to an annual mean value of 42 micrograms per cubic metre (μg/m3) is still in place.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Particulate matter (PM10) - Annual limit value for the protection of human health
In the air quality directive (2008/EC/50), the EU has set two limit values for particulate matter (PM10) for the protection of human health: the PM10 daily mean value may not exceed 50 micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m3) more than 35 times in a year and the PM10 annual mean value may not exceed 40 micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m3). In some areas time extensions have been granted by DG Environment for meeting these limit values. Information about time extensions is provided by DG Environment at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/quality/legislation/time_extensions.htm
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Change in ammonia (NH3) emissions compared with the 2010 NECD and Gothenburg protocol targets (EEA member countries)
The reported change in ammonia (NH3) emissions for each country, 1990-2010 in comparison with the 2010 NECD and 2020 Gothenburg protocol targets.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Emission trends of non-methane volatile organic compounds (EEA member countries, EU-27 Member States)
Data are for non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC). The with measures (WM) projections reported by Member States take into account currently implemented and adopted policies and measures.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Distance-to-target for EEA member countries
The distance-to-target indicator shows how current emissions compare to a linear emission reduction 'target-path' between 1990 emission levels and the 2010 emission ceiling for each country. Negative percentage values indicate the current emissions in a country are below the linear target path; positive values show that current emission lie above a linear target path to 2010.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Contribution to total change in non-methane volatile organic compounds emissions for each sector (EEA member countries)
The contribution made by each sector to the total change in non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC) emissions between 1990 and 2009.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Change in emissions of non-methane volatile organic compounds compared with the 2010 NECD and Gothenburg protocol targets (EEA member countries)
Data are for NMVOC emissions. Gothenburg protocol targets are shown for the non-EU countries (e.g. Switzerland and Norway). Neither Iceland nor Turkey has signed the Gothenburg protocol. Liechtenstein has signed but not yet ratified the Gothenburg protocol.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Emission trends of ammonia (EEA member countries, EU-27 Member States)
This chart shows past emission trends of ammonia in the EEA-32 and EU-27 group of countries. In addition - for the EU-27 - the 2010 and 2020 emission ceilings and paths are shown.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100