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Indicator Assessment Nutrients in freshwater (CSI 020) - Assessment DRAFT created Sep 2014
Average nitrate concentrations in European groundwater increased from 1992 to 1998, but have declined again since 2005. The average nitrate concentration in European rivers declined by 0.03 mg N/l (0.8%) per year over the period 1992 to 2012. The decline in nitrate concentrations reflects the effect of measures to reduce agricultural inputs of nitrate as well as improvement in wastewater treatment. Average orthophosphate concentration in European rivers has decreased markedly over the last two decades (0.003 mg P/l or 2.1% per year). Also average lake phosphorus concentration decreased over the period 1992-2012 (0.0004 mg P/l, or 0.8% per year). The decrease in phosphorus concentrations reflects both improvement in wastewater treatment and reduction in phosphorus in detergents.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in freshwater
Article reStructured Text The Year of the Forest: celebrating forests for people
1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihoods. Forests are home to 300 million people worldwide
Located in Signals — well-being and the environment Signals 2011 Articles
Article Sharing nature's riches
Of the 8.2 billion tonnes of materials consumed in EU-27 Member States in 2007, minerals accounted for 52 %, fossil fuels for 23 %, biomass for 21 % and metals for 4 % (SOER 2010)
Located in Signals — well-being and the environment Signals 2011 Articles
Other instruments
Environmental policy instruments important for the establishment of protected areas in Europe.
Located in Environmental topics Europe's protected areas Policy framework
Data Natura 2000 data
This Natura 2000 database is an extract from the EUNIS database. It is a sub-sample of the European Natura 2000 database that holds information about sites designated by EU Member States under the Birds Directive (79/409/EEC) and the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC)
Located in Data and maps Datasets
Figure D source code CLC changes between 1990 and 2006 (km2)
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
File The fourth assessment: Presentation of the report at the Belgrade conference
Subtitled movie of the speech hold by Executive Director of the EEA Jacqueline McGlade during the presentation of the 4th pan-European assessment at the UNECE 6th Мinisterial Conference "Environment for Europe", in Belgrade, 10th of October 2007.
Located in Environmental topics Archive: the Belgrade ministerial conference Videos and interviews
Indicator Assessment Public awareness (SEBI 026) - Assessment DRAFT created Nov 2010
Two-thirds of EU citizens do not know the meaning of the word 'biodiversity', let alone understand what the threats and challenges to its conservation are. Most EU citizens have never heard of the Natura 2000 network (78 %). However, over two-thirds of EU citizens report personally making efforts to help preserve nature.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Public awareness
Indicator Assessment Nutrients in freshwater (CSI 020) - Assessment published Jan 2009
Nitrate concentrations in Europe's groundwaters increased in the first half of 1990s and have then  remained relatively constant. The average nitrate concentration in European rivers has decreased approximately 10 % since 1998 from 2.8 to 2.5 mg N/l, reflecting the effect of measures to reduce agricultural inputs of nitrate. Nitrate levels in lakes are in general much lower than in rivers, but also in lakes there has been a 15 % reduction in the average nitrate concentration. Phosphorus concentrations in European rivers and lakes generally decreased during the last 14 years, reflecting the general improvement in wastewater treatment and reduced phosphate content of detergents over this period.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in freshwater
Indicator Assessment Oxygen consuming substances in rivers (CSI 019) - Assessment published Jan 2009
Concentrations of BOD and total ammonium have decreased in European rivers in the period 1992 to 2006, corresponding to the general improvement in wastewater treatment (Fig. 1).   EEA water quality indicators have up to now presented European and regional overviews and country comparison. However, water quality data at national level may not be relevant or sufficient for some countries, and EEA will in the coming years change its indicators to reflect concentration levels and trends at River Basin District (RBD) level to duly reflect local and regional differences in water quality. See also WISE interactive maps: Mean annual BOD in rivers and Mean annual Total Ammonium in rivers
Located in Data and maps Indicators Oxygen consuming substances in rivers
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