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Figure Emissions of primary and secondary fine particles (EU-15)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Country-wise ecosystem damage for acidity in Europe, 2000-2010
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Country-wise ecosystem damage area for acidification in Europe, 1995-2010
Data source of deposition-data used to calculate exceedances: EMEP/MSC-W
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Ozone inter-annual variations, SOMO35, 1996-2004
Urban, traffic, and rural background stations vertical bars represent 10th and 90th percentiles.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Change in CO emissions 1990-2008 (EEA member countries)
The reported change in carbon monoxide (CO) emissions for each country, 1990-2008.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
File Repairing our ozone layer
In 1987, delegates from around the world signed the Montreal Protocol designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of a number of substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion. This recent video illustrates the results of the Protocol, which is considered to be one of the most successful international environmental agreements.
Located in Environmental topics Air pollution Multimedia
Figure Twenty-sixth highest ozone 2010, based on daily running 8h max with percentage of valid measurements 75 % in μg/m3
The map shows the proximity of measured O3 concentrations to the target value set in the European Union's Air Quality Directive. At sites marked with dark orange and red dots, the daily maximum 8-hour mean O3 concentration exceeds the 120 μg/m3 threshold on more than 25 days per year (the policy target is set at max. 25 days of exceedance per year, averaged over 3 years).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Percentage of urban population resident in areas for days per year with ozone concentrations over the long-term objective for protection of human health, 2001-2011 (EU-27)
The target value is 120 µg O3/m3 as daily maximum of 8 hour mean, not to be exceeded more than 25 days per calendar year, averaged over three years and to be achieved where possible by 2010. Over the years 2001-2010 the total population for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 88 to 118 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting under the Exchange of Information Decision. Year-to-year variations in exposure classes are partly caused by the changes in spatial coverage. Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus, Greece and Malta is not included due to missing availability of operational urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations in the Urban Audit cities.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Ozone 2010 - Target value for the protection of vegetation
In the air quality directive (2008/EC/50), the EU has set a target value and a long term objective value for ozone (O3) for the protection of vegetation. Target value: the AOT40 may not exceed 18000 (µg/m3) per hour in the period from 1 May to 31 July averaged over five years. Long term objective value: the AOT40 may not exceed 6000 (µg/m3) per hour in the period from 1 May to 31 July within a calendar year. AOT40 (expressed in (μg/m3) ∙ hours) means the sum of the difference between hourly concentrations greater than 80 μg/m3 (= 40 parts per billion) and 80 μg/m3 over a given period using only the one-hour values measured between 8.00 and 20.00 Central European Time (CET) each day. More information is provided in Annex VII of directive (2008/EC/50).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment chemical/x-pdb Emissions of ozone precursors (CSI 002/APE 008) - Assessment published Oct 2010
Emissions of all ground-level ozone precursor pollutants have decreased across the EEA-32 region between 1990 and 2008; nitrogen oxides (NO X ) by 34%, non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) by 45%, carbon monoxide (CO) by 56% and methane (CH 4 ) by 26%. This decrease has been achieved mainly as a result of the introduction of catalytic converters for vehicles. These changes have significantly reduced emissions of NO X and CO from the road transport sector, the main source of ozone precursor emissions. The EU-27 is still some way from meeting its 2010 target to reduce emissions of NO X , one of the two ozone precursors (NO X and NMVOC) for which emission limits exist under the EU's NEC Directive (NECD). Whilst total NMVOC emissions in the EU-27 were below the NECD limit in 2008, a number of individual Member States anticipate missing their ceilings for one or either of these two pollutants. Of the three non-EU countries having emission ceilings set under the UNECE/CLRTAP Gothenburg protocol (Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), all three countries reported NMVOC emissions in 2008 that were lower than their respective 2010 ceilings. However both Liechtenstein and Norway reported NO x emissions in 2008 that were substantially higher than their respective 2010 ceilings.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Emissions of ozone precursors
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