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Figure Summaries the overall picture of the energy system in the EU (Mtoe)
The figure is a Sankey diagram which shows the composition of the primary energy entering the energy system of the EU-27 in 2010, and where this primary energy was used, either as losses or as consumption by specific sectors of the economy.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Final energy consumption by sector (CSI 027/ENER 016) - Assessment published Mar 2012
Between 1990 and 2009, the final energy consumption in the EU-27 increased by 3.2 % at an annual average rate of 0.2% whereas the final energy consumption decreased by 6.6% between 2005 and 2009. Transport remains the sector with the fastest growing energy consumption (30.6% over the period 1990-2009) followed by services (29.7% over the period 1990-2009). Over the same period, household final energy consumption increased by about 8.0% while final consumption in industry fell by 27.0 %. Of this decline in industry, a large decline occurred during the period 2008 to 2009, where there was a decline of 14.7% since 2008. Between 2008 and 2009, EU-27 final energy consumption decreased by 5.2 %. There were declines in all sectors due to the economic recession; there was even a decline in the transport sector (-2.7%) during the same period. On average, one person in the EEA countries used 2.1 tonnes of oil equivalent to meet their energy needs in 2009.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Final energy consumption by sector
Daviz Visualization Share of Renewable Energy to Final Energy Consumption with normalised hydro and wind
Located in Data and maps Data visualisation
Figure Total energy intensity, relative energy intensity (as PPS) and per capita consumption
Total energy intensity (index 1995=100), relative energy intensity (as PPS) and per capita consumption
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Total energy intensity, relative energy intensity (as PPS) and per capita consumption
Total energy intensity (index 1995=100), relative energy intensity (as PPS) and per capita consumption
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Trends in total energy intensity, gross domestic product and total energy consumption, EU-27
The figure shows the trends in total energy intensity, gross domestic product and total energy consumption.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Final energy consumption in the industry sectors
The figure shows the development of the final energy consumption in the different industry sectors.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Final energy consumption by sector (CSI 027/ENER 016) - Assessment published Sep 2010
Between 1990 and 2007, the final energy consumption in the EU-27 increased by 8.4 % at an annual average rate of 0.5%. Transport remains the sector with the fastest growing energy consumption (34.4% over the period) followed by services (21.1% over the period). Over the same period, the household final energy consumption increased by about 8.0% while the final consumption in industry fell by 11.7 %. Between 2006 and 2007, the EU-27 final energy consumption decreased by 1.5 % mainly due to significant reductions in the households (6.6 %) and services (4.6%) sectors. In transport and industry final energy consumption actually increased between 2006 and 2007 by 1.6% and 1% respectively. On average, one person in the EU-27 used 2.3 tonnes of oil equivalent to meet the energy needs in 2007.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Final energy consumption by sector
Indicator Assessment Renewable gross final energy consumption (ENER 028) - Assessment published Jan 2011
In 2007, the share of renewable energy in final energy consumption (with normalised hydro) in the EU-27 was 10.0 % (up from 6.7 % in 1993), representing half of the 20 % target set in the new EU directive on renewable energy for 2020. Renewable energies represented in 2007, 11.6% of total final heat consumption (up from 7.6% in 1993), 16.3% of electricity consumption (up from 12.8% in 1993) and 2.6% of transport fuels consumption. In the EEA countries, the share of renewable energy in total gross final energy consumption was 11.3% in 2007.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable gross final energy consumption
Indicator Assessment Renewable primary energy consumption (CSI 030/ENER 029) - Assessment published Sep 2010
The share of renewable energy sources in gross inland energy consumption (GEIC) increased in the EU-27 from 4.4% in 1990 to 7.8% in 2007. The strongest increase came from wind (more than one hundred thirty-fold) and solar energy (eightfold). In absolute terms, biomass accounted for 79.2 % of the increase and wind for 13.1 %. Because the gross inland energy consumption of the EU-27 increased by 8.7% between 1990 and 2007, some of the environmental benefits (e.g. reductions in GHG emissions and air pollution) brought about by an increased share of renewable energy sources were offset. In 2007, the share of renewable energy in total gross inland consumption in EU-15 was 8%, hence a significant effort will be needed to meet the indicative target of 12 % share of renewables by 2010.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable primary energy consumption
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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