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Data Visualization Progress in meeting the 2020 Target 1 for birds (Birds Directive), and habitats and species (Habitats Directive)
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
File Protecting the tree of life
Europe is a continent of breathtaking natural beauty and dramatic contrasts. The EU’s 27 Member States stretch from the frozen Arctic Circle in the north to the warm Mediterranean waters in the south. From the wave-lashed Atlantic coast in Ireland to the snow-capped Carpathian mountains in Romania, the EU includes a vast range of natural habitats and a great diversity of flora and fauna. Our natural heritage includes several thousand types of habitat, 520 species of bird, 10 000 plant species and at least 100 000 species of invertebrate. Yet, in comparison with other regions in the world, these numbers are relatively modest. Europe is the most urbanized and densely populated continent in the world. It is also one of the most polluted. These factors have taken their toll on the natural environment.
Located in Environmental topics Biodiversity Multimedia
Figure Number of mountain habitat types in individual groups of Annex I. habitats
The graph summarizes links between 9 main habitat groups distinguished by the Annex I of the Habitat Directive and mountain regions. Three types of relations are distinguished: mountain habitat; both mountain and non-mountain habitat; non-mountain habitat.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Habitats in favourable conservation status in EU Member States
The chart shows habitats in favourable conservation status in EU Member States, inside and outside mountain areas
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Article Nature policy works when implemented well
Our natural environment is a key component of our health and wealth. However, our recent assessments show that the majority of habitats and species in Europe have an unfavourable conservation status despite significant improvements for many species in recent years.
Located in Articles
Highlight OpenDocument Spreadsheet A walk in the woods on May 22 - International Biodiversity Day
Forests are some of the most important ecosystems in Europe, and are home to many thousands of species. Although the amount of forest cover is stable across Europe, it is declining worldwide, and the rich variety of life on Earth is also following this downward trend. On 22 May, International Biodiversity Day, the European Environment Agency invites you to explore and enjoy biodiversity in Europe’s forests.
Located in News
File Troff document Annex 3: EUNIS forest habitat data sheets (pdf)
Located in Publications Linking in situ vegetation data to the EUNIS habitat classification: results for forest habitats
Figure Natura 2000: Birds and Habitats Directives
Data: 2014
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Conservation status of marine habitat types and species of Community interest in EU-25
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
GIS Map Application European protected sites
The map shows an overview of protected sites in Europe, including Natura 2000 sites and nationally designated areas (CDDA). Natura 2000 is the key instrument to protect biodiversity in the European Union. It is an ecological network of protected areas, set up to ensure the survival of Europe's most valuable species and habitats. Nationally designated areas is a European inventory of protected areas designated by the national authorities. Zoom into the map to visualise the national areas.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
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Phone: +45 3336 7100