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Figure Benzo(a)pyrene 2010 - Annual target value for the protection of human health
In the directive 2004/107/EC (Fourth Daughter Directive), the EU has set a target value for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) for the protection of human health; the target is defined in terms of concentration of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) which is used as a marker substance for PAHs generally: the BaP annual mean value may not exceed 1 nanogram per cubic metre (ng/m3). The target value enters into force 31.12.2012.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure object code Annual mean concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene (ng/m3), 2011
Dark green dots correspond to concentrations under the WHO reference level (0.12 ng/m3). Pale green dots correspond to concentrations under the lower assessment threshold (0.4 ng/m3). Orange dots correspond to concentrations between the lower and the upper assessment threshold (0.6 ng/m3). Red dots correspond to concentrations above the upper assessment threshold but under the target value of 1 ng/m3. Dark red dots correspond to concentrations exceeding the target value of 1 ng/m3.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Daviz Visualization object code Concentration status for the benzo(a)pyrene target value in 2011
Distribution of stations by thresholds of benzo(a)pyrene annual mean concentrations for the year 2011.
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Figure Distance-to-target graph for the benzo(a)pyrene target value, 2010
The graph shows the percentage frequency distribution of stations (on the y-axis) in the EU Member States versus the various concentration classes (on the x-axis, in ng/m3). The vertical line corresponds to the target value set by the EU legislation.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Air quality in Europe — 2012 report
This report presents an overview and analysis of the status and trends of air quality in Europe based on concentration measurements in ambient air and data on anthropogenic emissions and trends from 2001 — when mandatory monitoring of ambient air concentrations of selected pollutants first produced reliable air quality information — to 2010.
Located in Publications
Figure AirBase - Exchange of information
Observed concentration maps for which 2012 air quality data for components O3, PM10, NO2, SO2, C6H6, PM2.5, CO, BaP, Pb, Cd, As and Ni have been reported.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure AirBase - Exchange of information
Location of stations for which 2010 air quality data for components O3, PM10, NO2, SO2, C6H6, PM2.5, Pb, CO have been reported. Observed concentration maps for which 2010 air quality data for components O3, PM10, NO2, SO2, C6H6, PM2.5, CO, BaP, Pb, Cd, As and Ni have been reported.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure AirBase - Exchange of information
Location of stations for which 2011 air quality data for components O3, PM10, NO2, SO2, C6H6, PM2.5, Pb, CO have been reported. Observed concentration maps for which 2011 air quality data for components O3, PM10, NO2, SO2, C6H6, PM2.5, CO, BaP, Pb, Cd, As and Ni have been reported.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Air quality in Europe — 2011 report
The annual report 'Air quality in Europe' summarises the most recent evaluation of Europe’s air quality status. It is mainly based on air quality measurement data that have been made available officially by 32 EEA member countries as well as 6 EEA cooperating countries. The report includes maps and analyses of air quality status over the calendar year 2009. It also analyses air quality trends over the past years. The evaluation of the status and trends of air quality is based on ambient air measurements, in conjunction with reported anthropogenic emissions. The report summarizes the main effects of different air pollutants on human health, the environment and the climate. An overview of policies and measures at European level is also given for each pollutant. This report reviews progress towards meeting the requirements of the two air quality directives in force as well as the air quality guidelines set by the World Health Organization (WHO). The report is produced in support of European and national policy development and implementation in the field of air quality. It also supports air quality management and informs the general public on the current status and trends of air quality in Europe.
Located in Publications
GIS Map Application Pascal source code Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP): annual mean concentrations in Europe
The map shows the annual mean concentrations of Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) in Europe for the air quality stations with at least 14% of valid measurements, in ng/m3 (source: EEA, AirBase v.8)
Located in Environmental topics Air pollution Interactive maps and data viewers
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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