3.4 Industrial Combustion Plants

Page Last modified 20 Apr 2016, 02:33 PM

3.4 Industrial Combustion Plants

Overview

Industrial Combustion Plants >300MW are not nearly as important for point source emissions as Public Power Plants >300MW. Emissions from the largest emitting Industrial Combustion Plants are only a tenth by size of those produced by the largest Public Power Plants.

The ten largest emitting plants are mainly located in the Czech Republic, Germany (former East and West), Poland, Italy, United Kingdom and Bulgaria (see table 15).

Table 15: The ten largest Industrial Combustion Plants in Europe for SO2 NOx and CO2

SO2 CO2 NOx
Country LPS code Emission in tonnes Country LPS code Emission in tonnes Country LPS code Emission in ktonnes
Germany (f. East) 16

75 856

Italy 0068

7 411

Czech Republic 20

25 160

Italy 0055

71 400

Germany (f. West) 194

7 154

Slovakia E02

13 830

Czech Republic 20

63 089

Germany (f. East) 16

6 439

United Kingdom 205

11 596

Germany (f. East) 27

51 920

Czech Republic 18

6 433

Germany (f. West) 194

11 059

Bulgaria TGOR

51 345

Germany (f. West) 195

5 028

Czech Republic 18

10 572

Germany (f. East) 41

45 848

Poland 2705

3 623

Poland 2705

9 644

Germany (f. East) 120

44 880

Czech Republic 20

3 572

Germany (f. East) 16

9 504

Germany (f. East) 44

40 656

Germany (f. East) 27

3 160

Poland 8501

8 159

Poland 6101

40 107

Italy 0055

3 131

Bulgaria TGOR

7 875

Germany (f. East) 45

36 256

Czech Republic 17

2 972

Poland 3503

7 814

Others

1 260 364

Others

129 954

Others

315 273

Total Industrial Combustion Plants

1 781 721

Total Industrial Combustion Plants

178 877

Total Industrial Combustion Plants

430 486

 

SO2

The 212 Industrial Combustion Plants are responsible for 1.8 million tonnes of SO2, which is 9% of the total LPS emission (see table 16 and map 4).

Figure 9: The top 100 SO2 emitting Industrial Comb. Plants in Europe

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Table 16: The ten largest SO2 emitting Industrial Combustion Plants in Europe

Rank Country LPS
code
Emission
in tonnes
Thermal capacity in MWth Main fuel Region

1

Germany (f. East) 16

75 856

4 278

Not Reported Spremberg

2

Italy 0055

71 400

1 000

Petroleum coke Caltanissetta

3

Czech Republic 20

63 089

1 498

Brown coal/lignite Confidential

4

Germany (f. East) 27

51 920

1 962

Not reported Borna

5

Bulgaria TGOR

51 345

342

Sub-bituminous BG/Livetch

6

Germany (f. East) 41

45 848

1 108

Not reported Merseburg

7

Germany (f. East) 120

44 880

300

Not reported Borna

8

Germany (f. East) 44

40 656

504

Not reported Merseburg

9

Poland 6101

40 107

2 008

Residual oil Confidential

10

Germany (f. East) 45

36 256

450

Not reported Merseburg
  Others  

1 260 364

     
  Total  

1 781 721

     

Former East Germany is dominating the picture for the biggest SO2 emitting Industrial Combustion Plants in Europe.

The LPS located in the EU countries are reported as subject to the LCP directive.

CO2

The 212 Industrial Combustion Plants are responsible for 0.2 billion tonnes of CO2, that is 10% of the total LPS emission (see table 17 and map 5).


Figure 10: The top 100 CO2 emitting Industrial Comb. Plants in Europe

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Table 17: The ten largest CO2 emitting Industrial Combustion Plants in Europe

Rank Country LPS
code
Emission
in tonnes
Thermal capacity in MWth Main fuel Region

1

Italy 0068

7 411

2 410

Blast furnace gas Taranto

2

Germany (f. West) 194

7 154

2 556

Not reported Saarbruecken, Stadtverb

3

Germany (f. East) 16

6 439

4 278

Not reported Spremberg

4

Czech Republic 18

6 433

910

Blast furnace gas Confidential

5

Germany (f. West) 195

5 028

1 479

Not reported Saarbruecken, Stadtverb

6

Poland 2705

3 623

2 706

Blast furnace gas Confidential

7

Czech Republic 20

3 572

1 498

Not reported Confidential

8

Germany (f. East) 27

3 160

1 962

Not reported Borna

9

Italy 0055

3 131

1 000

Petroleum coke Caltanissetta

10

Czech Republic 17

2 972

740

Blast furnace gas Confidential
  Others  

129 954

     
  Total  

178 877

     

NOx

The 212 Industrial Combustion Plants are responsible for 0.4 million tonnes of NOx, representing 9% of the total LPS emission of NOx (see table 18 and map 6).

Figure 11: The top 100 NOx emitting Industrial Comb. Plants in Europe

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Table 18: The ten largest NOx emitting Industrial Combustion Plants in Europe

Rank Country LPS
code
Emis-sion
in tonnes
Thermal capacity in MWth Main fuel Region

1

Czech Republic 20

25 160

1 498

Brown coal/lignite Confidential

2

Slovakia E02

13 830

3 411

Coking coal Kosice-mesto

3

United Kingdom 205

11 596

1 149

Not reported Northumberland

4

Germany (f. West) 194

11 059

2 556

Not reported Saarbruecken, Sadtverb.

5

Czech Republic 18

10 572

910

Coking coal Confidential

6

Poland 2705

9 644

2 706

Blast furnace gas Confidential

7

Germany (f. East) 16

9 504

4 278

Not reported Spremberg

8

Poland 8501

8 159

203

Sub-bituminous Confidential

9

Bulgaria TGOR

7 875

342

Sub-bituminous BG/Lovetch

10

Poland 3503

7 814

1 255

Sub-bituminous Confidential
  Others  

315 273

     
  Total  

430 486

     

It is worth noting that the six largest LPS with respect to CO2 emissions are not among the top ten LPS with respect to SO2 emissions. Only one LPS is present among the top ten for all three pollutants (SO2, CO2 and NOx). This indicates that there are significant differences between the various plants which might be due to different fuels characteristics and different level of control measures.


Map 4: The ten largest SO2 - emitting Industrial Combustion Plants in Europe 1990

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Map 5: The ten largest CO2 - emitting Industrial Combustion Plants in Europe 1990

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Map 6: The ten largest NOX - emitting Industrial Combustion Plants in Europe 1990

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