3.3. Public power plants

Page Last modified 20 Apr 2016, 02:33 PM

3.3. Public power plants

Overview

Public Power Plants are by far the largest source of point source emissions in Europe. A comparison of the three pollutants presented in this report shows that the biggest sources for CO2 are not necessarily the largest contributors to SO2 and NOx emissions as well (see table 11).

In this chapter the ten largest LPS are given for each of the source sectors and pollutants as an example of the data available in CORINAIR 90.

Table 11: The ten largest Public Power Plants in Europe for SO2 NOx and CO2

SO2 CO2 NOx
Country LPS code Emission in tonnes Country LPS code1 Emission in ktonnes Country LPS code1 Emission in tonnes
Spain 0113

521 769

Poland 5902

27 716

United Kingdom 117

87 966

Bulgaria MRI2

444 991

Greece 1

26 578

Poland 5902

87 944

Bulgaria TVAR

421 996

Germany (f. East) 25

23 915

Greece 1

61 600

Poland 5902

402 412

Germany (f. East) 5

23 661

United Kingdom 138

47 894

Spain 0104

321 331

United Kingdom 117

22 561

United Kingdom 122

47 633

Germany (f. East) 25

316 976

Poland 2301

14 336

United Kingdom 113

46 350

United Kingdom 117

269 283

Germany (f. East) 60

12 876

United Kingdom 118

45 310

Germany (f. East) 05

265 144

United Kingdom 138

12 284

Spain 103

45 034

Germany (f. East) 22

205 480

United Kingdom 122

12 217

United Kingdom 150

42 098

Germany (f. East) 23

198 440

Germany (f. West) 80

12 137

Italy 40

40 900

Others

10 323 469

Others

971 995

Others

2 763 695

Total Public Power Plants

13 691 291

Total Public Power Plants

1 160 276

Total Public Power Plants

3 316 424

The next three chapters give a more detailed description for these top ten LPS.


SO2

The 478 Public Power Plants >300MW are responsible for 14 million tonnes of SO2, which is equal to 74% of all SO2 LPS emissions.

The ranking in figure 6 shows that the ten biggest LPS are emitting 24% and the top 100 are emitting 80% of the LPS emissions of Public Power Plants >300MW.

Figure 6: The top 100 SO2 emitting Public Power Plants in Europe

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The largest emitting plant is located in Spain and emits more than half a million tonnes SO2 per year, followed by plants in Bulgaria, Poland, Germany (former East) and the United Kingdom (see map 1 and table 12).

Table 12: The ten largest SO2 emitting Public Power Plants in Europe

Rank Country LPS³
code
Emission
in tonnes
Thermal capacity in MWth Main fuel Region

1

Spain 0113

521 769

3 430

Brown coal/ lignite Confidential

2

Bulgaria MRI2

444 991

1 660

Residual oil BG / Haskovo

3

Bulgaria TVAR

421 996

3 504

Steam coal BG / Varna

4

Poland 5902

402 412

9 999

Brown coal/ lignite Confidential

5

Spain 0104

321 331

2 573

Sub-bituminous Confidential

6

Germany (f. East) 25

316 976

9 9992

Not reported Weißwasser

7

United Kingdom 117

269 283

3 890

Not reported North Yorkshire

8

Germany (f. East) 05

265 144

8 850

Not reported Cottbus

9

Germany (f. East) 22

205 480

2 300

Not reported Borna

10

Germany (f. East) 23

198 440

4 720

Not reported Görlitz
  Others  

10 323 469

     
  Total  

13 691 291

     

The thermal capacities differ widely for these top ten LPS, indicating that fuel consumption or utilisation rate is more important regarding emissions than the (installed) thermal capacity.

Brown Coal dominates the picture as a fuel for the largest SO2 emitting point sources. As already mentioned Germany and the United Kingdom did not provide details on fuel consumption but one may expect that the plants in Germany (former east) also used mainly Brown Coal (see table 12). None of the top ten point sources reported a control device for SO2 emissions.

The LPS six to ten have been notified as subject to the LCP Directive. Each is specified as an existing one, meaning that these plants started operation before 1987.

CO2

The 478 Public Power Plants >300MW are responsible for 1.2 billion tonnes CO2, amounting to 67% of all CO2 LPS emissions. The ranking is quite similar to that of SO2 (see figure 7).

Figure 7: The top 100 CO2 emitting Public Power Plants in Europe

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The countries with the ten largest CO2 emitting plants are Poland, Greece, Germany (former East and West) and the United Kingdom (see map 2).

Table 13: The ten largest CO2 emitting Public Power Plants in Europe

Rank country LPS
code
Emission
in ktonnes
Thermal capacity in MWth Main fuel Region

1

Poland 5902

27 716

9 999

Brown coal/lignite Confidential

2

Greece 1

26 578

3 515

Not reported Kozani

3

Germany (f. East) 25

23 915

9 999²

Not reported Weißwasser

4

Germany (f. East) 05

23 661

8 850

Not reported Cottbus

5

United Kingdom 117

22 561

3 890

Not reported North Yorkshire

6

Poland 2301

14 336

6 692

Brown coal/lignite Confidential

7

Germany (f. West) 60

12 876

7 435

Not reported Erftkreis

8

United Kingdom 138

12 284

1 974

Not reported Nottinghamshire

9

United Kingdom 122

12 217

1 966

Not reported West Yorkshire

10

Germany (f. West) 80

12 137

1 658

Not reported Hamm, Kreisfreie Stadt
  Others  

971 995

     
  Total  

1 160 276

     

 

Not so much fuel data is available for the ten biggest CO2 emitting plants in Europe. In comparison to SO2 the second plant from Poland also uses Brown Coal as main fuel.

From the top ten LPS only Poland specified the actual rate of fuel consumption, but specified this information as confidential.

All the plants located in the EU countries (top 2 to 5 and 7 to 10) are covered by the LCP directive and reported by the countries as existing plants.

Contrary to SO2 there are some plants among the biggest CO2 emitting plants located in former West Germany. This reflects emission reduction activities for SO2 in this country.

NOx

The 478 Public Power Plants >300MW are responsible for 3.3 million tonnes of NOx in Europe. This represents 69% of the total NOx LPS emission reported.

The ranking again shows the same picture as for SO2 and NOx before (see figure 8).

Figure 8: NOx emitting Public Power Plants in Europe

Image8.gif (8780 bytes)


Table 14: The ten largest NOx emitting Public Power Plants in Europe

Rank Country LPS
code
Emission
in tonnes
Thermal capacity in MWth Main fuel Region

1

United Kingdom 117

87 966

3 890

Not reported North Yorkshire

2

Poland 5902

87 944

9 999

Brown coal/lignite Confidential

3

Greece 1

61 600

3 515

Not reported Kozani

4

United Kingdom 138

47 894

1 974

Not reported Nottinghamshire

5

United Kingdom 122

47 633

1 966

Not reported West Yorkshire

6

United Kingdom 113

46 350

1 970

Not reported Nottinghamshire

7

United Kingdom 118

45 310

1 971

Not reported Humberside

8

Spain 0103

45 034

3 214

Residual oil Confidential

9

United Kingdom 150

42 098

1 988

Not reported Nottinghamshire

10

Italy 0040

40 900

6 597

Residual oil Roma
  Others  

2 763 695

     
  Total  

3 316 424

     

 

Compared to table 12 (SO2) and table 13 (CO2) two additional plants appear in table 14 and on map 3. The main fuel of these two additional plants is Residual Oil. Five of the top ten LPS are located in the United Kingdom. Surprisingly no German plants are among the top ten LPS. This may be due to NOx reduction activities such as low NOx burner and DENOX facilities and to the low efficiency of the plants in Germany (former east), but this is not clear from the CORINAIR database. The Italian plant is also covered by the LCP directive specified as existing plant.


Map 1: The ten largest SO2 - emitting Public Power Plants in Europe 1990

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 Map 2: The ten largest CO2 - emitting Public Power Plants in Europe 1990

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Map 3: The ten largest NOX - emitting Public Power Plants in Europe 1990

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