3. Large point source Emissions in Europe 1990 (3.1 + 3.2)

Page Last modified 20 Apr 2016, 02:33 PM

3. Large point source Emissions in Europe 1990

3.1. Introduction

More data is generally needed for modelling and for compliance monitoring of large point sources in comparison to area sources. CORINAIR 90 provides the information on large point sources (LPS).

The emissions of these sources are especially interesting, firstly because they are responsible for poor local ambient air quality and, secondly because emissions from LPS contribute to long range transport of air pollutants.

 

3.2. Overview

For some pollutants large point sources (LPS) are responsible for a considerable share of the total European emissions (see table 9).

Table 9: Overview of European Emissions in CORINAIR 90

Pollutant

Emissions in ktonnes

Area sources

%

LPS

%

Total

SO2

9 034

32

18 839

68

27 874

CO2

3 036 399

64

1 728 064

36

4 764 463

NOx

13 130

73

4 792

27

17 923

N2O

1 608

86

271

14

1 880

CO

64 493

93

5 219

7

69 712

NMVOC

21 120

97

650

3

21 770

CH4

44 708

98

707

2

45 415

NH3

5 649

99

52

1

5 701


Details on total emissions for all eight pollutants have already been published in the CORINAIR 90: Summary Report nr. 1 and nr. 2.

Figure 4 shows that SO2, NOx and CO2 emissions of LPS are responsible for more than 20% of the European total. SO2 is particularly interesting, where 68% of the total emission is caused by large point sources.

This chapter presents data on LPS for SO2, NOx, CO2.

Figure 4: Percentage of the LPS emissions in CORINAIR 90


lpsemiss.gif (3868 bytes)


CORINAIR 90 distinguishes between a number of different air emission sources. Emissions from LPS are highly concentrated in a very few sources. This report therefore presents only LPS results for four source sectors. (see table 10).

Table 10: LPS emissions in Europe per source sector

Source sector

Emissions in ktonnes

SO2

%

CO2

%

NOX

%

Public Power Plants >300MW

13 691

74

1 160 276

67

3 316

69

Industrial Combustion Plants >300MW

1 781

9

178 877

10

430

9

Refineries

635

3

58 322

3

121

3

Inorganic Chemical Industries

201

1

9 726

1

136

3

Other

2 531

13

320 862

19

772

16

Total LPS emissions

18 839

100

1 728 063

100

4 775

100

The relative contribution of these four source sectors is given in figure 5, showing that Public Power Plants are by far the biggest source of LPS emissions.

Figure 5: Relative contribution of source sectors to LPS emissions

relcon.gif (6076 bytes)

From the vast amount of information on LPS made available in CORINAIR 90 the next chapter will present the ten largest LPS for SO2, NOx and CO2 for the source sectors mentioned above.

lijn.gif (900 bytes)

up.gif (859 bytes)
left.gif (869 bytes) right.gif (869 bytes)

 

</head0
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100