Title and Table of Contents
POLLUTION MONITORING IN EUROPE - PROBLEMS AND TRENDS
Topic report 26/96
Steinar Larssen and Leif Otto Hagen
This report was prepared under the supervision of G.
Kielland, Project Manager,
The European Topic Centre on Air Quality (ETC-AQ) is under contract to EEA inter alia to develop a general approach to air quality assessment on a European scale. Within this activity it is intended
- to maintain and develop expertise and exchange information with National Focal Points and National Reference Centres for Air Quality and hence develop the air quality aspects elements of the European Environment Information and Observation Network (EIONET),
- to assist EEA in compiling periodical assessment reports.
To meet these objectives, three initial tasks were identified:
MA1-1 Collect information on requirements for monitoring information and discuss/review with NRCs/NFCs/DGXI/EEA
MA1-2 Report on state of situation - problems and trends
MA1-3 Report on recommendation for approach to be adopted at the European level
The present report is the first result of the task MA1-2, primarily meant for discussion among EEA, the Commission of the European Communities (particularly DGXI and DGXII), the EEA National Focal Points, and other relevant institutions that form EIONET.
The air quality monitoring practice in Europe is summarised and described in detail based upon information collected in 1994 from monitoring networks within 30 European countries. Also the monitoring activities in 8 international programmes are summarised.
The coverage of air quality monitoring in Europe, in terms of time, space, compounds and site categories is substantial for most of the reporting countries. There are a total of close to 5,000 sites for urban/local monitoring and more than 750 sites for regional monitoring. Hot-spot sites (traffic, industry) is less well represented than are general urban background sites. In a number of countries, lead monitoring seems no longer to be well represented and in some countries ozone is not monitored. Ozone precursors are monitored at one or a few regional sites in 7 countries only.
Table of contents
|2. Requirements to AQ
Monitoring in Europe
|3. Summary of Monitoring Practices in Europe|
|4. The Air Quality
Monitoring Situation in Europe - State and Trends
The following significant assistance in data collection and preparation of this report is acknowledged:
- The WHO Collaborating Centre for Air Quality
Management and Air Pollution Control, at the Institute for Water, Soil and Air Hygiene
(WABOLU) - Federal Environment Agency of Germany, Berlin, by Hans-Guido Mücke and
Elisabeth Turowski, for providing their questionnaire as a model for our MA 1-2
questionnaire, and for providing data on the monitoring networks in 5 countries.
- The National Focal Points and the Reference Centres of the participating countries, and regional offices in some countries (e.g. Spain), that filled out the questionnaire and sent other information.
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe's environment.
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