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Sound and independent information
on the environment

You are here: Home / Publications / European Freshwater Monitoring Network Design / Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background
1.2 Role of the EEA


2. STEPS IN DESIGNING THE NETWORK


3. INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE EEA

3.1 Why is information needed?
3.2 The role of the European Environment Agency
3.3 European policy
3.4 Identification of key questions
3.5 Presentation of results


4. THE NEED FOR DIFFERENT TYPES OF MONITORING STATION

4.1 Surface water quality
4.2 Surface water quantity
4.3 Groundwater quality
4.4 Groundwater quantity


5. REPRESENTATIVES OF CURRENT MONITORING PROGRAMMES IN EUROPE

5.1 Definition of representativeness
5.2 Surface water qualtity
5.3 Surface water quantity
5.4 Groundwater quality
5.5 Groundwater quantity
5.6 International databases


6. EXISTING SOURCES OF MONITORING INFORMATION

6.1 Monitoring required under EC directives
6.2 International agreeements


7. OPTIONS FOR THE BASIS OF THE EEA MONITORING NETWORK

7.1 Introduction
7.2 Options for monitoring site/information selection
7.3 Stratification of sample sites
7.4 Ecological quality network


8. PROPOSED RIVER MONITORING NETWORK

8.1 Definition of river and monitoring station types
8.2 Indicative example of site selection for rivers
8.3 Selection of sites for surface water quantity monitoring network
8.4 Sampling frequency
8.5 Selection of determinants


9. PROPOSED LAKE/RESERVOIR MONITORING NETWORK

9.1 Introduction
9.2 General surveillance network
9.3 Sampling frequency
9.4 Selection of determinants


10. PROPOSED GROUNDWATER MONITORING NETWORK

10.1 Selection of sites for groundwater monitoring network
10.2 Proposed network
10.3 Sampling frequency
10.4 Selection of determinants


11. MONITORING METHODOLOGY


12. QUALITY CONTROL AND ASSURANCE

12.1 Information transfer to the Agency
12.2 Data quality control
12.3 Analytical performance
12.4 Analytical quality control


13. ASSESSMENT OF INFORMATION GAPS IN EXISTING MONITORING PROGRAMMES

13.1 Introduction
13.2 Rivers
13.3 Lakes
13.4 Groundwater


14. CONCLUSIONS


15. RECOMMENDATIONS


16. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


17. REFERENCES



APPENDICES


APPENDIX A Statistical considerations in monitoring


APPENDIX B Automatic water quality monitoring


APPENDIX C Commonly used analytical methods

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100