Premature deaths attributable to air pollution

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Premature deaths attributable to fine particulate matter (PM2.5), ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure in 2012 in 40 European countries and the EU 28.
CountryPM2.5O3NO2
Austria 6 100 320 660
Belgium 9 300 170 2 300
Bulgaria 14 100 500 700
Croatia 4 500 270 50
Cyprus 790 40 0
Czech Republic 10 400 380 290
Denmark 2 900 110 50
Estonia 620 30 0
Finland 1 900 60 0
France 43 400   1 500 7 700
Germany 59 500 2 100 10 400
Greece 11 100 780 1 300
Hungary 12 800 610 720
Ireland 1 200 30 0
Italy 59 500 3 300 21 600
Latvia 1 800 60 90
Lithuania 2 300 80 0
Luxembourg 250 10 60
Malta 200 20 0
Netherlands 10 100 200 2 800
Poland 44 600 1 100 1 600
Portugal 5 400 320 470
Romania 25 500 720 1 500
Slovakia 5 700 250 60
Slovenia 1 700 100 30
Spain 25 500 1 800 5 900
Sweden 3 700 160 10
United Kingdom 37 800 530 14 100
Albania 2 200 140 270
Andorra 60 4 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 500 200 70
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 3 000 130 210
Iceland 100 2 0
Liechtenstein 20 1 3
Monaco 30 2 7
Montenegro 570 40 20
Norway 1 700 70 200
San Marino 30 2 0
Serbia (a) 13 400 550 1 100
Switzerland 4 300 240 950
Total (b)     432 000      17 000      75 000
EU-28 (b) 403 000 16 000 72 000

Notes: (a)  Including Kosovo, under the UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99.
(b) 'Total' and 'EU-28' figures are rounded up or down to the nearest thousand. 

Source: Air quality in Europe — 2015 report

Geographic coverage

Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
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Temporal coverage

2012

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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