Infographics — 11 Mar 2015
EEA infographics provide visual presentations of the issues affecting Europe’s environment. They highlight factors contributing to environmental change as well as the impacts of environmental degradation.
Infographic D source code How are the environment and our well-being and health connected? — 12 Mar 2015
Natural resources fuel our production and consumption, and create wealth and jobs, contributing to our quality of life and well-being. But our level of resource consumption is undermining our ecosystems’ capacity to provide for us in the future.
Infographic Why should we care about air pollution? — 04 Dec 2013
Air pollution impacts human health, contributes to climate change and damages ecosystems. Here are some of the pollutants the ‘Air quality in Europe – 2013 report’ investigates and their potential impacts.
Infographic Many factors contribute to air pollution concentration levels — 04 Dec 2013
Emission levels are not the only factor that determines concentrations of air pollutants. Factors like the weather, chemical transformations in the air, and transport of pollutants from outside Europe all play a role. This means that a reduction in emissions of a pollutant do not always translate to an equivalent reduction in concentrations of that pollutant.
Infographic How can we make our economy circular and resource efficient? — 11 Mar 2015
Currently, we are using more resources than our planet can produce in a given time. We need to reduce the amount of waste we generate and the amount of materials we extract.
Infographic Europe’s waste streams — 12 Mar 2015
In total, about 2500 million tonnes of waste was generated in the EU-28 and Norway in 2010. Here is an overview of where the waste came from and what it was composed of.
Infographic D source code How can we reduce and make better use of waste? — 12 Mar 2015
The best way to reduce the environmental impacts of waste is to prevent it in the first place. Many items that we throw away could also be re-used, and others can be recycled for raw materials.
Infographic How much of our municipal waste do we recycle? — 12 Mar 2015
Much of the waste we throw away can be recycled. Recycling benefits the environment by diverting waste away from landfills and by providing raw materials for new products. Recycling can also encourage innovation and create jobs.
Infographic What are the sources of food waste in Europe? — 12 Mar 2015
Around one third of the food produced globally is lost or wasted. Food waste represents a substantial loss of other resources such as land, water, energy and labour.
Infographic How does the food we buy, eat and don’t eat impact the environment? — 12 Mar 2015
Before reaching our plates, food needs to be produced, processed, packaged, transported and distributed. Every step uses up resources and generates more waste and pollution.
Infographic Why should we avoid sending waste to landfills? — 04 Dec 2013
Infographic What are the sources and impacts of marine litter? — 12 Mar 2015
Increasing amounts of litter are ending up in the world’s oceans and harming the health of ecosystems, killing animals and putting human health at risk. The solution lies in waste prevention and better waste management on land.
Infographic Transport in cities — 04 Dec 2013
Many European cities are rapidly transforming urban transport. However, while cycling and efficient public transport are becoming the norm in some urban areas, Europe’s transport sector is still a major contributor to excessive levels of greenhouse gases, air pollution and noise. EEA
Infographic Troff document CO2 emissions from passenger transport — 10 Dec 2014
Grams of CO2 per passenger kilometre
Infographic Reducing environmental impacts of transport — 10 Dec 2014
Several EU targets have been set to reduce the environmental impacts of transport in Europe, including its greenhouse gas emissions. The transport sector’s targets are part of the EU’s overall goal to reduce greenhouse gas emission by 80-95% by 2050.
Infographic Many Europeans are exposed to harmful levels of air pollution — 10 Dec 2014
Up to 30 % of Europeans living in cities are exposed to air pollutant levels exceeding EU air quality standards. And around 95 % of Europeans living in cities are exposed to levels of air pollutants deemed damaging to health by the World Health Organization’s more stringent guidelines.
Infographic Europe's climate is changing — 15 Oct 2015
A changing climate will affect almost every aspect of our lives. Increased intensity and frequency of rainfall in many parts of Europe will mean frequent and serious flooding events. Elsewhere in Europe, including in southern Europe, higher temperatures and reduced rainfall will mean that many areas might face droughts.
Infographic Are we ready for climate change? — 15 Oct 2015
Climate change is causing a variety of impacts to our health, ecosystems and economy. These impacts are likely to become more serious in the coming decades. If not addressed, these impacts could prove very costly, in terms of ill health, adverse effects on ecosystems, and damaged property and infrastructure.
Infographic Climate change and the seas — 15 Oct 2015
Climate change is warming the oceans, causing acidification of marine environments, and changing rainfall patterns. This combination of factors often exacerbates of other human pressures on the seas, leading to biodiversity loss in the oceans.
Infographic Climate change and agriculture — 15 Oct 2015
Agriculture both contributes to climate change and is affected by climate change. The EU needs to reduce its greenhouse-gas emissions from agriculture and adapt its food-production system to cope with climate change. Faced with growing global demand and competition for resources, the EU's food production and consumption need to be seen in a broader context, linking agriculture, energy, and food security.
Infographic Soil and climate change — 15 Oct 2015
Soil is an important and often neglected element of the climate system. It is the second largest carbon store, or "sink", after the oceans. Restoring key ecosystems on land, and a sustainable use of the land in urban and rural areas, can help us mitigate and adapt to climate change.
Infographic Mitigating climate change — 15 Oct 2015
The European Union's effort to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions are working. In fact, the EU is expected to meet its unilateral 20 % reduction target (compared to 1990) ahead of the agreed 2020 deadline. Moreover, the EU intends to reduce domestic emissions by at least 40 % by 2030 and further decarbonise its economy by 2050. The EU currently emits around 10 % of global greenhouse-gas emissions.
Infographic Circular economy — 18 Jan 2016
A simplified model of the circular economy for materials and energy
Infographic Troff document Flexibilities in the NEDC test approval procedure — 27 Jan 2016
Flexibilities exploited by manufacturers during the NEDC test cycle can be broadlygrouped into two categories: those relevant to the initial coast-down test and thoserelevant to the type approval test itself.
Infographic Different types of emissions from vehicles — 27 Jan 2016
The different types of emissions from vehicles, and a comparison of the relative amounts of selected pollutants released by the latest Euro 6 petrol and diesel vehicles.
Infographic Comparison of NOx emission standards for different Euro classes — 27 Jan 2016
Real-world NOX emissions from petrol cars in the EU have decreased significantly since 2000, in line with the increasingly stringent emission limits. In significant contrast, the emissions from diesel cars have not improved much over the same period, meaning reductions from diesels have not been as large in reality as originally foreseen in legislation.
Infographic Air pollution: from emissions to exposure — 27 Jan 2016
Poor air quality is a serious health and environmental problem. Certain harmful air pollutants are emitted directly from vehicles, such as ‘primary’ particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxides (NOX). Others, such as ozone and ‘secondary’ PM, form in the atmosphere after emissions of precursor pollutants, including NOX and volatile organic compounds. Different sources of pollution, including transport and non-transport sources, emit different types and ratios of pollutants.
Infographic Air pollution exposure in cities — 29 Jun 2016
Many Europeans are exposed to harmful levels of air pollution. Up to 30 % of Europeans living in cities are exposed to air pollutant levels exceeding EU air quality standards. And around 98 % of Europeans living in cities are exposed to levels of air pollutants deemed damaging to health by the World Health Organization’s more stringent guidelines.
Infographic EU targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions — 29 Jun 2016
Several EU targets have been set to reduce the environmental impacts of transport in Europe, including its greenhouse gas. The transport sector’s targets are part of the EU’s overall goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80 – 95 % by 2050.
Infographic Troff document Carbon dioxide emissions from passenger transport — 29 Jun 2016
A wide range of transport options exists, but choosing the one with lowest emissions is not always straightforward. One way to measure your environmental impact is to look at the CO2 emissions per passenger kilometre travelled.
Infographic Vehicle emissions and efficiency — 29 Jun 2016
Fossil fuel powered road transport represents the most significant source of transport related air pollution. Each vehicle releases pollutants from a number of sources.
Infographic Troff document Temperature inversion traps pollution at ground level — 29 Jun 2016
Pollution events are more likely to occur under temperature inversion conditions. During extended periods of high pressure in winter months, solar radiation reaches the ground, warming it up. At night, the lack of cloud cover means the ground loses heat rapidly and the air in contact with the ground becomes colder. The warmer air rises and acts as a lid trapping the colder air close to the ground. Pollution, including that from road traffic is also trapped, so the air layer closest to the ground becomes more and more polluted. This continues until the prevailing meteorological conditions change.
Infographic Noise pollution in Europe — 29 Jun 2016
Noise pollution is a growing environmental concern, arising from a number of sources. The adverse effects of noise pollution can be found in the well- being of exposed human populations, in the health and distribution of wildlife, as well as in the abilities of children to learn at school.
Infographic Bathing water quality in Europe — 27 Jun 2016
Bathing water quality is improving in Europe. In 2015, the vast majority (84 %) of the 21,582 monitored bathing sites had excellent water quality. About two thirds of all monitored sites are by the coast and one third in inland rivers and lakes.
Infographic Fuel types and GHG emissions — 29 Jun 2016
Transport demand is closely linked to economic activity: in periods of growth, economic output goes up, more goods are transported and more people travel. The impacts of transport on human health, the environment and climate change are closely linked to the choice of fuel. Clean alternative fuels, including electricity, are already available and can constitute viable options to petrol and diesel. Trip length plays a role in determining the suitability of the fuel type.

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