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Figure Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electricity consumption, 2010
The renewable electricity directive (2001/77/EC) defines renewable electricity as the share of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in total electricity consumption. The latter includes imports and exports of electricity. The electricity generated from pumping in hydropower plants is included in total electricity consumption but it is not included as a renewable source of energy.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Renewable electricity consumption (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment published Apr 2012
In 2009, the share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in the EU-27 was 19.8 % compared to 13% in 1990. Renewable electricity grew by 3.3%/year since 1990 Hydropower accounts for 62% in renewable electricity production, following by wind 20.9%, biomass and wastes 14.3%,2.2% for photovoltaic and 1% geothermal. Despite good progress, only four countries have already met the indicative national target for the renewable electricity directive and three are very close, meaning that much more needs to be done in individual countries to achieve their targets by 2010.  As a whole however, the EU is close to meeting its target. A simple forecast based on the trend to date would mean the EU would reach 20% energy generation from renewable by 2020, just 1% short of target. Given an increasing trend in more recent years, there is reason to be positive about this target being met.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable electricity consumption
Indicator Assessment Renewable electricity consumption (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment published Aug 2011
In 2008, the share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in the EU-27 was 16.7 % compared to 11.9% in 1990. Renewable electricity has grown up by 3.3%/year since 1990 (4.1%/year since 1999, 2.6%/year before). Hydropower accounts for 58% in renewable electricity production, following by wind 20.9%, biomass and wastes 19% (1% for photovoltaic and geothermal). Despite good progress, only two countries have already met the indicative national target and three are very close, meaning that much more needs to be done to achieve the overall target of 21% by 2010.  
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable electricity consumption
Indicator Assessment Renewable electricity consumption (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment published Sep 2010
In 2007, the share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in the EU-27 was 15.6 % compared to 11.9% in 1990. The substantial increase in the total amount of renewable electricity generation (up by 68% since 1990) was partially off-set by the increase in electricity consumption. Between 2006 and 2007, the electricity production from wind increased by 26.7% and that from photovoltaics increased by 51.4%. Despite good progress, only three countries have already met the indicative national target, meaning that much more needs to be done to achieve the overall target of 21% by 2010.    
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable electricity consumption
Article Renewable energy 2000 to 2010 — from toddler to teen
The renewable energy sector has developed a lot the last ten years — a largely ignored toddler has become a wilful teenager. Decisions that can help it mature further will depend on understanding what has nurtured its growth so far.
Located in Articles
Highlight Renewable energy production must grow fast to reach the 2020 target
Europe has committed to obtain 20 % of its energy from renewable sources by 2020. An analysis of the 27 EU Member State action plans shows that renewable energy output is projected to grow by 6 % per year on average. Wind power, solar electricity and biofuels are foreseen to contribute with the highest growth rates. If all Member States follow the trajectory outlined in their plans, the EU will exceed its 20 % renewable energy target by 0.7 percentage points.
Located in News
Figure Renewable energy production by country, 2005
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
SOER Key fact Renewable energy projections
Onshore wind and biomass electricity installed capacity are projected to double between 2010 and 2020, with solar photovoltaic capacity to triple over the same period.
Located in News Huge renewable energy growth this decade, if EU countries meet projections key facts
Indicator Assessment Renewable gross final energy consumption (ENER 028) - Assessment published Apr 2012
In 2009, the share of renewable energy in final gross energy consumption (with normalised hydro and wind) [1] in the EU-27 was 11.7 % up from 6% in 1990, representing nearly 60 % of the 20 % target set in the EU directive on renewable energy for 2020. Renewable energies represented in 2009, 13.1% of total final heat consumption (6.6% in 1990), 19.6% of electricity consumption (up from 11.8% in 1990) and 4.1% of transport fuels consumption (up from 0.02% in 1993) [2] . [1] Gross final consumption of energy is defined in Directive 2009/28/EC on renewable sources as energy commodities delivered for energy purposes to final consumers (industry, transport, households, services, agriculture, forestry and fisheries), including the consumption of electricity and heat by the energy branch for electricity and heat production and including losses of electricity and heat in distribution and transmission. [2] The gross final consumption of energy from renewable sources is calculated as the sum of: (a) gross final consumption of electricity from renewable energy sources; (b) gross final consumption of energy from renewable sources for heating and cooling; and (c) final consumption of energy from renewable sources in transport.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable gross final energy consumption
Indicator Assessment Renewable gross final energy consumption (ENER 028) - Assessment published Aug 2011
In 2008, the share of renewable energy in final gross energy consumption (with normalised hydro and wind) [1] in the EU-27 was 10.4 % (up from 6% in 1990, 7.6 % in 2000), representing half of the 20 % target set in the EU directive on renewable energy for 2020. Renewable energies represented in 2008, 11.8% of total final heat consumption (up from 6.3% in 1990, 9% in 2000), 17% of electricity consumption (up from 12% in 1990, 13.8% in 2000) and 3.4% of transport fuels consumption (up from 0.02% in 1993) [2] [1] Gross final consumption of energy is defined in Directive 2009/28/EC on renewable sources as energy commodities delivered for energy purposes to final consumers (industry, transport, households, services, agriculture, forestry and fisheries), including the consumption of electricity and heat by the energy branch for electricity and heat production and including losses of electricity and heat in distribution and transmission. [2] The gross final consumption of energy from renewable sources is calculated as the sum of: (a) gross final consumption of electricity from renewable energy sources; (b) gross final consumption of energy from renewable sources for heating and cooling; and (c) final consumption of energy from renewable sources in transport.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable gross final energy consumption
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