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Indicator Assessment Final energy consumption intensity (ENER 021) - Assessment published Sep 2010
Economic growth continues to entail less final energy consumption within the EU-27 economy. The final energy consumption intensity decreased by 25.1 % compared to 1990. However, this improvement has not been sufficient to prevent total final energy consumption from rising. Decoupling of growth from final energy consumption was most successful in the services and agriculture sector (-29.5 %) and in the industry (-29.4 %). In the transport sector the final energy consumption intensity decreased by 7.1 % compared to 1990. In the households sector, the final energy consumption per capita increased by 2.6 % since 1990 due to larger and more numerous dwellings, and greater ownership of electrical appliances.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Final energy consumption intensity
Indicator Assessment Renewable electricity consumption (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment published Sep 2010
In 2007, the share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in the EU-27 was 15.6 % compared to 11.9% in 1990. The substantial increase in the total amount of renewable electricity generation (up by 68% since 1990) was partially off-set by the increase in electricity consumption. Between 2006 and 2007, the electricity production from wind increased by 26.7% and that from photovoltaics increased by 51.4%. Despite good progress, only three countries have already met the indicative national target, meaning that much more needs to be done to achieve the overall target of 21% by 2010.    
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable electricity consumption
Indicator Assessment Renewable gross final energy consumption (ENER 028) - Assessment published Jan 2011
In 2007, the share of renewable energy in final energy consumption (with normalised hydro) in the EU-27 was 10.0 % (up from 6.7 % in 1993), representing half of the 20 % target set in the new EU directive on renewable energy for 2020. Renewable energies represented in 2007, 11.6% of total final heat consumption (up from 7.6% in 1993), 16.3% of electricity consumption (up from 12.8% in 1993) and 2.6% of transport fuels consumption. In the EEA countries, the share of renewable energy in total gross final energy consumption was 11.3% in 2007.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable gross final energy consumption
Indicator Assessment Renewable primary energy consumption (CSI 030/ENER 029) - Assessment published Sep 2010
The share of renewable energy sources in gross inland energy consumption (GEIC) increased in the EU-27 from 4.4% in 1990 to 7.8% in 2007. The strongest increase came from wind (more than one hundred thirty-fold) and solar energy (eightfold). In absolute terms, biomass accounted for 79.2 % of the increase and wind for 13.1 %. Because the gross inland energy consumption of the EU-27 increased by 8.7% between 1990 and 2007, some of the environmental benefits (e.g. reductions in GHG emissions and air pollution) brought about by an increased share of renewable energy sources were offset. In 2007, the share of renewable energy in total gross inland consumption in EU-15 was 8%, hence a significant effort will be needed to meet the indicative target of 12 % share of renewables by 2010.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable primary energy consumption
Indicator Assessment Total primary energy intensity (CSI 028/ENER 017) - Assessment published Sep 2010
Between 1990 and 2007, economic growth in Europe required increasing but less and less energy inputs. Total energy consumption increased until 2004 and stabilized all the way through 2006. In 2007 there was an absolute decoupling of economic growth and energy consumption, with the latter decreasing by 1.1% compared to 2006 while GDP continued to grow.  Over the period 1990-2007, GDP grew at an annual average rate of 2.2% and total energy consumption at an annual average rate of 0.5%. As a result, total energy intensity in the EU fell at an annual average rate of 1.7%.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Total primary energy intensity
Figure Gross electricity production by fuel, EU-27
The total volume of electricity produced from renewable sources increased by 288 TWh between 1990 and 2008: this represents an increase of 87.2 % (3.5 %/year on average). From 1990 to 2003, the share of renewable in the electricity production remained quite stable (13-14%); from 2003 to 2008 this share has increased from 13.9% to 18.4%. Most of this increase can be attributed to Germany, Sweden, France, Spain and Italy with a respective share of 17.7%, 13.3%, 13.1%, 11.1% and 10.7% in the EU-27 electricity production from renewable. From 2003 to 2008, electricity production from renewable has increased by 6.4% per year in the EU-27, with an annual growth rate of 15.1% for Denmark, 13.4% for Netherlands, 9.0%/year for Germany and 8.0%/year for Ireland from 1990. Substantial growth will be required to meet the indicative EU-27 target of a 20 % share of renewable in final energy consumption by 2020 (see also ENER030 and ENER029).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Share of Renewable Energy to Final Energy Consumption with normalised for hydro, EU27
Share of Renewable Energy to Final Energy Consumption with normalised for hydro, EU27. In 2009 the European Commission adopted a new directive on renewable energy (2009/28/EC). The new Directive on renewable energy sets an ambitious target for the EU-27 of 20% share of energy from renewable sources in final energy consumption by 2020 and a 10% share of renewable energy in the transport sector (in each Member State). In 2008, five countries have reached 75% of their targets for 2020: Sweden is the closest with 89% of the target in 2008 (share of 43.6% compared to a target of 49%), followed by Romania (85%), Austria (82%), Estonia (76%) and Latvia (75%)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Renewable primary energy consumption (CSI 030/ENER 029) - Assessment published Aug 2011
The share of renewable energy sources in gross inland energy consumption (GEIC) increased in the EU-27 from 4.4% in 1990 to 8.4% in 2008. The main contributor is biomass and wastes (5.8% of the GEIC), following by hydro (1.6%) and wind (0.6%). Because the gross inland energy consumption of the EU-27 increased by 8.3% between 1990 and 2008, some of the environmental benefits (e.g. reductions in GHG emissions and air pollution) brought about by an increased share of renewable energy sources were offset. In 2008, the share of renewable energy in total gross inland consumption in EU-15 was 8.6%, hence a significant effort will be needed to meet the indicative target of 12 % share of renewables by 2010.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable primary energy consumption
Figure Total primary energy consumption by energy source in 2008, EU-27
The figure shows the total primary energy consumption by energy source in 2008. The contribution of renewable energy sources to gross energy inland consumption (GEIC) increased in the EU-27 from 4.4 % in 1990 to 8.4 % in 2008. For the EU-15, the share of renewables in total gross inland consumption accounted for 8.6%, in 2008, falling substantially short of the indicative target set in the White Paper on renewable energy (COM(97) 599 final) of 12 % by 2010
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Changes (%) in energy related emissions of pollutants contributing to acid deposition by source category, 1990-2008, EEA32
The figure shows the emissions of asulphur dioxide SO2, nitrogen oxides NOx and ammonia NH3
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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