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Indicator Assessment Renewable gross final energy consumption (ENER 028) - Assessment published Jan 2011
In 2007, the share of renewable energy in final energy consumption (with normalised hydro) in the EU-27 was 10.0 % (up from 6.7 % in 1993), representing half of the 20 % target set in the new EU directive on renewable energy for 2020. Renewable energies represented in 2007, 11.6% of total final heat consumption (up from 7.6% in 1993), 16.3% of electricity consumption (up from 12.8% in 1993) and 2.6% of transport fuels consumption. In the EEA countries, the share of renewable energy in total gross final energy consumption was 11.3% in 2007.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable gross final energy consumption
File Repairing our ozone layer
In 1987, delegates from around the world signed the Montreal Protocol designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of a number of substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion. This recent video illustrates the results of the Protocol, which is considered to be one of the most successful international environmental agreements.
Located in Environmental topics Air pollution Multimedia
File PostScript document Rising snowline in the Alps
(This video has no audio.) It is estimated that, as global warming proceeds, regions currently receiving snowfall will increasingly receive precipitation in the form of rain. For every 1ºC increase in temperature, the snowline rises by about 150 metres. As a result, less snow will accumulate at low elevations. As a consequence, nearly half of all ski resorts in Switzerland, and even more in Germany, Austria and the Pyrenees, will face difficulties in attracting tourists and winter sport enthusiasts in the future. Source: EEA Report No 2/2004 "Impacts of Europe's changing climate" (published 18 Aug 2004)
Located in Environmental topics Climate change Multimedia
Figure Riverine flood damage potential
This map presents riverine flood damage potential for a 100-year return period, current climate and no defences; catchments and sub-catchments of less than 500 km2 are not included
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure object code Run-off and snow cover change up until the end of the 21st century in the winter, according to the CLM A1B scenario
Left: relative difference in water available for runoff
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Safe water and healthy water services in a changing environment
This report summarises existing knowledge of climate change impacts on water services and health; the nature and effectiveness of the policy response; and the coverage and gaps in existing assessments of these themes.
Located in Publications
File Scenery from the Greenlandic landscape
Jacqueline McGlade, Executive Director of the European Environment Agency (EEA), and three of her colleagues have chosen to be part of an extraordinary journey in East Greenland. They travel from their offices in Copenhagen to participate in a multisport race, where they challenge themselves through 250 kilometres of the Arctic wilderness. On their way they encounter the effects of climate change and its impact on the Arctic environment. The Inuit are among the first people to experience the effects of climate change. They are in the middle of an environmental challenge that will change many parts of their culture. What is happening to Inuit's today will happen to the rest of the world tomorrow. We will all need to adapt to climate change.
Located in Media Audiovisuals
External Data Reference Sea ice index
The Sea Ice Index provides a quick look at sea ice changes in spatial and historical context and gives a consistent, up-to-date source of sea ice extent and sea ice concentration values and images. The NSIDC Near-Real-Time DMSP SSM/I Daily Polar Gridded Sea Ice Concentrations and the Sea Ice Concentrations from Nimbus-7 SSMR and DMSP SSM/I Passive Microwave Data data sets are used to generate the monthly records of sea ice extent and sea ice concentration for the Arctic and Antarctica from satellite passive microwave data. Data files tabulate monthly mean extent and area, in millions of square kilometers, by year for a given month. Plots of monthly sea ice extent anomalies with trend lines and significance intervals are available. Monthly images show sea ice extent (with an outline of the median extent for that month for comparison), sea ice concentration, trends in sea ice concentration, and anomalies in sea ice concentration. Anomalies and median extent are calculated using a reference period of 1979 through 2000.
Located in Data and maps Datasets External datasets catalogue
External Data Reference D source code Sea surface temperature - Baltic and North Seas
Sea surface temperature - Baltic and North Seas
Located in Data and maps Datasets External datasets catalogue
Figure Sea surface temperature anomaly for period 1870-2006
Data (oC) show the difference between annual average temperatures and the period 1982-2006 mean in different European seas
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100