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Figure Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electricity consumption, 2003
The renewable electricity directive (EC, 2001a) defines renewable electricity as the share of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in total electricity consumption
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Figure Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electricity consumption, 2008
Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electricity consumption, 2008. The renewable electricity directive (2001/77/EC) defines renewable electricity as the share of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in total electricity consumption. The latter includes imports and exports of electricity. The electricity generated from pumping in hydropower plants is included in total electricity consumption but it is not included as a renewable source of energy. Large hydropower plants have a capacity of more than 10 MW.
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Figure Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electicity consumption, 2009
Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electricity consumption, 2009. The renewable electricity directive (2001/77/EC) defines renewable electricity as the share of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in total electricity consumption. The latter includes imports and exports of electricity. The electricity generated from pumping in hydropower plants is included in total electricity consumption but it is not included as a renewable source of energy.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electricity consumption, 2010
The renewable electricity directive (2001/77/EC) defines renewable electricity as the share of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in total electricity consumption. The latter includes imports and exports of electricity. The electricity generated from pumping in hydropower plants is included in total electricity consumption but it is not included as a renewable source of energy.
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Indicator Assessment Renewable electricity consumption (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment published Apr 2012
In 2009, the share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in the EU-27 was 19.8 % compared to 13% in 1990. Renewable electricity grew by 3.3%/year since 1990 Hydropower accounts for 62% in renewable electricity production, following by wind 20.9%, biomass and wastes 14.3%,2.2% for photovoltaic and 1% geothermal. Despite good progress, only four countries have already met the indicative national target for the renewable electricity directive and three are very close, meaning that much more needs to be done in individual countries to achieve their targets by 2010.  As a whole however, the EU is close to meeting its target. A simple forecast based on the trend to date would mean the EU would reach 20% energy generation from renewable by 2020, just 1% short of target. Given an increasing trend in more recent years, there is reason to be positive about this target being met.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable electricity consumption
Indicator Assessment Renewable electricity consumption (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment published Aug 2011
In 2008, the share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in the EU-27 was 16.7 % compared to 11.9% in 1990. Renewable electricity has grown up by 3.3%/year since 1990 (4.1%/year since 1999, 2.6%/year before). Hydropower accounts for 58% in renewable electricity production, following by wind 20.9%, biomass and wastes 19% (1% for photovoltaic and geothermal). Despite good progress, only two countries have already met the indicative national target and three are very close, meaning that much more needs to be done to achieve the overall target of 21% by 2010.  
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable electricity consumption
Indicator Assessment Renewable electricity consumption (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment published Sep 2010
In 2007, the share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in the EU-27 was 15.6 % compared to 11.9% in 1990. The substantial increase in the total amount of renewable electricity generation (up by 68% since 1990) was partially off-set by the increase in electricity consumption. Between 2006 and 2007, the electricity production from wind increased by 26.7% and that from photovoltaics increased by 51.4%. Despite good progress, only three countries have already met the indicative national target, meaning that much more needs to be done to achieve the overall target of 21% by 2010.    
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable electricity consumption
Article Renewable energy 2000 to 2010 — from toddler to teen
The renewable energy sector has developed a lot the last ten years — a largely ignored toddler has become a wilful teenager. Decisions that can help it mature further will depend on understanding what has nurtured its growth so far.
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Publication D source code Renewable energy in Europe - approximated recent growth and knock-on effects
This report introduces several methods the European Environment Agency (EEA) has developed for assessing and communicating early RES growth and the important knock-on effects that RES growth has on the energy sector and related areas. The report provides specific information at EU and country level on estimated RES progress in 2013, estimated gross avoided carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and avoided fossil fuel use due to the additional use of renewable energy since 2005, as well as an assessment of the statistical impacts of growing RES use on primary energy consumption.
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Highlight Renewable energy production must grow fast to reach the 2020 target
Europe has committed to obtain 20 % of its energy from renewable sources by 2020. An analysis of the 27 EU Member State action plans shows that renewable energy output is projected to grow by 6 % per year on average. Wind power, solar electricity and biofuels are foreseen to contribute with the highest growth rates. If all Member States follow the trajectory outlined in their plans, the EU will exceed its 20 % renewable energy target by 0.7 percentage points.
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European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100