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Daviz Visualization Cumulative net mass balance of European glaciers
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Publication Air quality in Europe — 2013 report
This report presents an overview and analysis of air quality in Europe from 2002 to 2011. It reviews progress towards meeting the requirements of the air quality directives and gives an overview of policies and measures introduced at European level to improve air quality and minimise impacts. An overview of the latest findings and estimates of the effects of air pollution on health and its impacts on ecosystems is also given.
Located in Publications
Indicator Assessment Global and European temperature (CSI 012/CLIM 001) - Assessment published Aug 2013
Global Three independent long term records of global average near-surface (land and ocean) annual temperature show that the decade between 2003 and 2012 was 0.76°C to 0.81°C warmer than the pre-industrial average. Between 1990 and 2010, the rate of change in global average temperature has been close to the 0.2°C per decade. Global mean surface temperature rose rapidly from the 1970s, but has been relatively flat in the last decade mostly due to heat transfer between upper and deep ocean waters. The Arctic has warmed significantly more than the rest of the globe, and this is projected to continue into the future. The best estimate for the further rise in global average temperature at the end of 21st century is between 1.8 and 4.0°C for the lowest and highest SRES marker scenarios (IPCC SRES) that assume no additional political measures to limit emissions. When climate model uncertainties are taken into account, the likely range increases to 1.1 to 6.4 °C. The EU target of limiting global average temperature increase to 2 °C above pre-industrial levels is projected to be exceeded during the second half of this century and likely around 2050, for all six IPCC SRES scenarios. Europe The average temperature for the European land area for the last decade (2003-2012) is 1.3°C above the pre-industrial level, which makes it the warmest on record. Climate simulations from different regional climate models all using A1B SRES scenario show that the annual average land temperature over Europe will continue to increase by more than global average temperature during the 21 st century. By the 2021-2050 period, temperature increases of between 1.0°C and 2.5°C are projected, and by 2071-2100 this increases to between 2.5°C and 4.0°C. The largest temperature increase during 21 st century is projected over eastern and northern Europe in winter and over Southern Europe in summer. Extremes of cold have become less frequent in Europe while warm extremes have become more frequent. Since 1880 the average length of summer heat waves over Western Europe doubled and frequency of hot days almost tripled.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Global and European temperature
Figure D source code Number of people affected by flooding per million population in the WHO European Region
Number of people affected by flooding per million population in the WHO European Region (annual average 2000–2011). ‘People affected’, as defined in EM-DAT, are people who require immediate assistance during a period of emergency, including displaced or evacuated people. EM-DAT/CRED and the Dartmouth Flood Observatory were analysed to determine the flooded countries in the WHO European Region and the impact of these floods.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Decomposition analysis of the main factors influencing the development of EU-15 CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction between 1990 and 2004
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Rate of change of crop growing season length 1975-2007
The map shows the rate of change of crop growing season leght
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Observed and projected Arctic September sea-ice extent 1900-2100
Note: The retreat of the sea ice has been faster than predicted: Arctic September sea-ice extent from observations (thick orange line) together with the mean value (solid grey line) from 13 IPCC AR4 climate models and the variance (dotted black line) of models runs.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Relative gaps between EU Kyoto and burden sharing targets and projections for 2010 including existing and additional measures, use of Kyoto mechanisms (KM) and use of carbon sinks for EU Member States
This graph shows the projected effects of policies, measures, use of Kyoto mechanisms and carbon sinks by EU Member States on GHG emissions by 2010
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Modelled number of tropical nights over Europe during summer (June-August) 1961-1990 and 2071-2100
Reference period (1961-1990) (left), scenario period (2071-2100) (centre) and change between periods (right)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Greenhouse gas emissions per capita of EU-25 Member States for 1990 and 2004
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100