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Figure File PostScript document CSI005_fig11_ExposureOfForrestArea_2012.eps
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs Exposure of forest area to ozone (exposure expressed as AOT40 in (μg/m³).h) in EEA member countries
Figure Exposure of forest area to ozone (exposure expressed as AOT40 in (μg/m³).h) in EEA member countries
The figure shows the exposure of forest area to ozone (exposure expressed as AOT40f in (μg/m3).h) in EEA member countries . By the UNECE a critical level for protection of forest is set to 10000 (μg/m3).hour. Since 2004 a growing number of EEA member countries have been included. In 2004 Bulgaria, Greece, Iceland, Norway, Romania, Switzerland, and Turkey have not been included. In 2005-2006 Iceland, Norway Switzerland and Turkey are still excluded in the analyses due to lack of detailed land cover data and/or rural ozone data. In 2007 Switzerland and Turkey are not included. Since 2008 only Turkey is not included. Calculations of forest exposure are not available for year prior to 2004.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Annual variation in the ozone AOT40 value for crops (May-July) in (μg/m³).h, 1996-2009
Average values over all rural stations which reported data over at least eleven years in the period 1996-2009. The black line corresponds to the 5-year averaged value. Variations over Europe in observed values is large, eighty percent of the observations falls with the red shaded area.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Troff document Laying the foundations for greener transport — TERM 2011: transport indicators tracking progress towards environmental targets in Europe
For the first time ever the European Commissions is proposing a greenhouse gas emissions target for transport. But how is transport going to provide the services that our society needs while minimising its environmental impacts? This is the theme for the Transport White Paper launched in 2011. TERM 2011 and future reports aim to deliver an annual assessment on progress towards these targets by introducing the Transport and Environment Reporting Mechanism Core Set of Indicators (TERM-CSI). TERM 2011 provides also the baseline to which progress will be checked against, covering most of the environmental areas, including energy consumption, emissions, noise and transport demand. In addition, this report shows latest data and discuss on the different aspects that can contribute the most to minimise transport impacts. TERM 2011 applies the avoid-shift-improve (ASI) approach, introduced in the previous TERM report, analysing ways to optimise transport demand, obtain a more sustainable modal split or use the best technology available.
Located in Publications
File Health impacts of air pollution
Located in Media Infographics
File Sources of air pollution in Europe
Located in Media Infographics
Figure Concentration status for the daily (left) and hourly (right) limit values of SO2 for health protection, EU, 2011
The graphs are based on:the 99.18 percentile of the daily mean SO2 concentrations (in μg/m3), corresponding to the 4th highest as defined by the daily limit value (left); and the 99.73 percentile of the SO2 hourly concentrations, corresponding to the 25th highest as defined by the hourly limit value (right), for the various types of stations.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Trends in NO2 annual mean (top) and NO2 hourly concentrations (bottom) in μg/m3, 2002–2011, per station type
The graphs are based on annual mean concentration trends (top) and the trends in percentile 99.78 of NO2 hourly values (bottom); they present the range of concentration changes per year (in μg/m3) per station type (urban, traffic, rural, and other — mostly industrial). The trends are calculated based on the officially reported data by the EU Member States with a minimum data coverage of 75 % of valid data per year for at least 8 years out of the 10-year period. The diagram indicates the lowest and highest trends, the means and the lower and upper quartiles, per station type. The lower quartile splits the lowest 25 % of the data and the upper quartile splits the highest 25 % of the data.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Attainment situation for annual limit value of NO2 in 2011
The graph is based on the annual mean concentration values for each EU Member State; the boxes present the range of concentrations at all stations types (in μg/m3) officially reported by the EU Member States and how the concentrations relate to the limit value set by EU legislation (marked by the red line). The diagram indicates the lowest and highest observations, the means and the lower and upper quartiles. The lower quartile splits the lowest 25 % of the data and the upper quartile splits the highest 25 % of the data.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure object code Concentration status for the benzo(a)pyrene target value in 2011
The graph is based on the annual mean concentrations of BaP (in ng/m3) for the various types of stations.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100