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Figure Estimated impact of different factors on the reduction in emissions of NOx from public electricity and heat production between 1990 and 2008, EEA-32
The chart shows the estimated contributions of the various factors that have affected emissions from public electricity and heat production (including public thermal power stations, nuclear power stations, hydro power plants and wind plants).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Final electricity consumption by sector, EU-27
Final electricity consumption by sector, EU-27. Influenced by the liberalisation of the power market, electricity prices decreased during the 1990s but they have started to rise again in the last few years
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Figure Average annual percentage change in final electricity consumption, EU-27 1990-2008
Most countries in the EU-27 experienced an overall increase in electricity consumption over the period from 1990 to 2008, except for Lithuania, Latvia, Romania and Bulgaria. During this period, the average annual growth rate of electricity consumption varied greatly by country, ranging from less than 1 % per year in Denmark, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Hungary, Slovakia and Estonia to over 4 % in Malta, Portugal, Spain, Ireland, Iceland, Cyprus and Turkey. The decrease or low growth in electricity consumption in the new Member States was a combined result of economic restructuring in the 1990s and a decrease or low growth of the total population in those countries
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Figure Efficiency of conventional thermal electricity and heat production
The average energy efficiency of conventional thermal electricity and heat production in the EU-27 improved over the period 1990-2008 by 6.3% to reach 49.8 %in 2008 (48.5 % excluding district heating). Output from conventional thermal power stations consists of gross electricity generation and also of any heat sold to third parties (combined heat and power plants) by conventional thermal public utility power stations as well as autoproducer thermal power stations.
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Figure Electricity intensity and electricity consumption per employee in services
Unit consumption per employee is the ratio between the energy consumption (total or electricity) and the number of employees (salaries employed in full time). The energy (or electricity) intensity is the ratio between the energy (electricity) consumption and the value added expressed in constant Euros (M€2000)
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Figure Trends in energy GHG emission factors and % renewable electricity (EU-27)
The figure displays the percentage of renewables in electricity generation for the total EU-27 countries, plus estimates of the carbon intensity of grid electricity and average transport energy in the EU-27.
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Figure Estimated impact of different factors on the reduction of CO2, SO2 and NOX emissions from public heat and electricity generation in the EU-25, 1990-2003
The technique used to derive the graphs is based on the multiplicative 'IPAT' and 'Kaya' identities, which is a frequently used approach for portraying the primary driving forces of emissions
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Daviz Visualization Final energy consumption by sector
Located in Data and maps Data visualisation
Daviz Visualization Efficiency of conventional thermal power production for district heating
Located in Data and maps Data visualisation
Figure Decomposition analysis of CO2 emission trends from public electricity and heat production in the EU, 1990–2008
Each bar shows the contribution of a single driver on GHG emission trends during a determined period. The thick short black lines indicate the combined effect of all emission drivers, i.e. the overall GHG emission trend during the period considered.
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European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100