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Figure Average annual growth rates of renewable energy in EU‑27 electricity consumption, 1990–2009 and 2005–2009
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Renewable electricity consumption (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment published Apr 2012
In 2009, the share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in the EU-27 was 19.8 % compared to 13% in 1990. Renewable electricity grew by 3.3%/year since 1990 Hydropower accounts for 62% in renewable electricity production, following by wind 20.9%, biomass and wastes 14.3%,2.2% for photovoltaic and 1% geothermal. Despite good progress, only four countries have already met the indicative national target for the renewable electricity directive and three are very close, meaning that much more needs to be done in individual countries to achieve their targets by 2010.  As a whole however, the EU is close to meeting its target. A simple forecast based on the trend to date would mean the EU would reach 20% energy generation from renewable by 2020, just 1% short of target. Given an increasing trend in more recent years, there is reason to be positive about this target being met.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable electricity consumption
Indicator Assessment Efficiency of conventional thermal electricity generation (ENER 019) - Assessment published Apr 2012
The efficiency of electricity and heat production from conventional thermal power plants improved between 1990 and 2009 by 5.5 percentage points (from 45.4% in 1990 to 50.9% in 2009). Between 1990 and 2005, the improvement was even greater at 7.0 percentage points (from 45.4% in 1990 to 52.4% in 2005). The improvement until 2005 was due to the closure of old inefficient plants, improvements in existing technologies, often combined with a switch from coal power plants to more efficient combined cycle gas-turbines. Between 2005 and 2009, there was a decline in efficiency of electricity and heat production from conventional thermal power plants of 1.5 percentage points (from 52.4% in 2005 to 50.9% in 2009) because of lower heat production.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Efficiency of conventional thermal electricity generation
Figure Gross electricity production by fuel, EU-27
Data shown are for gross electricity production and include electricity production from both public plants and auto-producers. Renewables include electricity produced from hydro (excluding pumping), biomass, municipal waste, geothermal, wind and solar PV. The share of renewables presented in the chart is that for production and hence does not correspond to the share, for consumption, as required by Directive 2001/77/EC. The difference between both shares is accounted for by the net balance between imports and exports of electricity. ‘Other fuels’ include electricity produced from power plants not accounted for elsewhere, such as those fuelled by certain types of industrial wastes. It also includes the electricity generated as a result of pumping in hydro-power stations
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Share of electricity production by fuel type in 2009
Share of electricity production by fuel type in 2009 ‘Other fuels’ include electricity produced from power plants not accounted for elsewhere such as those fuelled by certain types of industrial wastes. It also includes the electricity generated as a result of pumping in hydro-power stations.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Share of electricity production by fuel type, EU-27
Share of electricity production by fuel type, EU-27
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Electricity intensity in the service sector
Unit consumption per employee is the ratio between the energy consumption (total or electricity) and the number of employees (salaries employed in full time). The energy (or electricity) intensity is the ratio between the energy (electricity) consumption and the value added expressed in constant Euros (M€2000)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Electricity intensity and electricity consumption per employee in services
Unit consumption per employee is the ratio between the energy consumption (total or electricity) and the number of employees (salaries employed in full time). The energy (or electricity) intensity is the ratio between the energy (electricity) consumption and the value added expressed in constant Euros (M€2000)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Energy consumption by end use per dwelling, 2009
Based on the ratio: energy consumption by end uses divided by the number of permanently occupied dwelling.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Share of combined heat and power in gross electricity production in 2005 and 2009
Share of combined heat and power in gross electricity production in 2005 and 2009
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100